Historical Philosophy

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In this paper, I shed light on the notions of three historical philosophers namely Hobbes, Paine and Plato. I briefly discuss the political theories each of these philosophers have written throughout history and try to link these political theories with contemporary theories and politics.


I continue with the theory of Paine that is based on his work the Right of Man where Paine analysis society and government from a liberal point of view based on three core assumptions. Finally, I explore the theory of Plato who provides a way of how a good city can be established. I end this paper with a conclusion of the theories that I briefly scrutinized. In conclusion, I attempt to explain why I argue that in choosing the camp of liberalism based on the incorporation of the notions of Hobbes, Paine and Plato, is based on a combination of elements of the two political theories, that of Hobbes and that of Paine based on the notion that some elements of these historical political theories are obsolete as a result of the changing settings of world politics throughout history.
Hobbes is one of the most influential historical political philosophers. His most influential work that Hobbes wrote is Leviathan, in 1651.The political theory that Hobbes developed is based on three assumptions: (1) the existence of an original condition of "the state of nature," (2) the state is a man made or artificial production and (3) that the state is created by a social contract. Hobbes argues that a human being possesses total freedom, free from interference of the rule of law but where a human being fears death on a daily basis (status hominus naturalis). ...
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