Sociology and Culture Essay

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Karl Marx viewed class differentiation as the crucial determinant of social, economic, and political inequality. Marx concentrated on the two classes that began to conflict as the estate system declined, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The proletariat is the working class (in ancient Rome people, who had no other wealth except their children, were called 'proletarians'), while the bourgeoisie, or capitalist class, owns the means of production and private property,.


Thus, there is a large social inequality in each society. "Social inequality" means a condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power. But the impact of social inequality may vary in different cultures - according to the main values of certain society. In particular, in Western countries social values are following:
Also either Western or Eastern society has a stable model of management, which is common and familiar for all its members. Thus, it is wrong to compare them on the main criteria "better- worse" or "fair - unfair".
For instance, in the United States the problem of large gap between executives' and workers' salaries really exists, but there are many options of career growth, so that one is able to change jobs and to make a rapid career in several companies. On the other hand, in Eastern countries, admission to the company means admission to a family or a community - for almost the whole life long. In such 'family' everyone is to participate in company problems solving and is to share corporative responsibility.
Western world is dynamic, and it is not considered embarrassing to leave a job for another place with more suitable salary and conditions, while according to the Ea ...
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