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Marxist Theory - Book Report/Review Example
Marxist literary criticism is stemmed from the political and economic theories of the German philosopher Karl Marx. The body of ideas worked out by Marx (1818-1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) bore the name Marxism or Scientific Socialism. The ensemble of all these ideas provided a fully functional theoretical basis for the struggles of the working class to achieve a higher form of human society…
An understanding of Marxism consequently provides the proletariat theoretically for the enormous historic task of the Socialist transformation of Society.
The concept of ideology presented significant roles in the formation of the Marxist theory because it involved the set of ideas proposed by the dominant class of a society to all its members. The main objective behind an ideology is to present change in society, and observance to a set of ideals where traditional values already exists, through normative consideration in society. Karl Marx proposed an economic base - superstructure model or the means of production of society which is the base. It differentiates the fundamental basis of social orders from other influential and persisting social conditions such as legal and political systems, and religions. Detractors of the Marxist approach feel that it points too much value to economic factors that greatly influence society.
In the Marxist theory, the dominant ideology is the set of common values and beliefs shared by most people in a given society, framing how the majority perceive about a range of topics. ...