StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Foucault - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Foucault

This evolution of his theory can be traced from 1960's to 1980's and reveal a pattern of study of how power influences decision-making. In 1960's he uses terms like 'contestation' and 'transgression' and uses them interchangeably. In 1970's Foucault moved to 'struggle' and 'resistance' which are again synonymous. And finally in 1980's he used the term 'agonism'. All these terms used through a period of time defining his core focus on the play of resistance, and Foucault's conceptualization of power rather than strict references made to limits. (AMOUDI)
Foucault's power-resistance relation is a dynamic analysis of the modern day world. The groundwork of the role of power being laid in the previous theories which evolved between 1960's and 1970's, the economics of power has been more rigorously presented in these theories. Michel Foucault goes further to give a definition of power relations in an essay published in 1982: 'The exercise of power is not simply a relationship between partners, individual or collective; it is a way in which certain actions modify others' Although the exercise of power may need violence or consent, these are not inherent to a
power relation. Moreover, one of the consequences of this limit to power is that resistance is the sine qua non condition for power. Indeed, a power relation, is not an action which determines another action, but an action which influences an other action by determining a field of possibility for it. In this field of possibility, ways of resisting are by definition present. The second limit set to power relations, therefore, is fight. According to Foucault, the goal of a fight is either to force the opponent to abandon the game (hence a victory which dissolves the power relation) or to set up a new relation of power. In other words, there is circularity between power relations open to fight and a fight aiming at power relations. Therefore there is a constant instability in a power relationship which excludes by definition any form of determinism. By stressing the ontological link between power and resistance, Foucault invites us to understand his reading of the mechanisms of power he highlights. Power is to be understood then as a form of power, which is perpetually confronted with potential (and some time actual) resistance. (AMOUDI)
In his book Order of Things and Foucault Reader, he addresses the power of observation and the impact of it on the observed. He emphasizes that observing people and judging them requires a degree of conformity, which is less obvious and subsequently, according to Foucault more powerful because of its restrained state. This same impact is seen in Panopticism where Foucault shows a transition in prison systems from physical manipulation to implicit manipulation. This new form of control is implemented through a physical construction that creates the illusion of continual surveillance. This surveillance creates the impetus for self-control. It is the power of being observed which places the role of control on the subjects. People control themselves out of a desire not to be looked down upon - to control their own public reputations. Panopticism works in a similar way - by continual observation or the illusion of continual observation, people are expected to continually discipline themselves so as to avoid being disciplined by an external source (Foucault & Rabinow)
The power which is ...Show more

Summary

If there is one statement which really defines Foucault it his own words describing him when he openly states 'Do not ask me who I am and do not ask me to remain the same' (Foucault)(Smart). Foucault was one of the most controversial and influential European intellectuals in the second half of the 20th century…
Author : ckreiger
Foucault essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Foucault"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Discipline and Punish by Michel Foucault
In enlightening his audiences on the shift in paradigms involving the punishment of the body to the punishment of the soul, Foucault makes use of various disciplines to justify his discourse. The primary aim of Foucault’s is to help us understand these disciplines and how they relate to our understanding of current power relations within the society today.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Michael Foucault
He believed that we needed to view medicine as a societal need for the overall "surveillance and regulation of human bodies." He is also known for his studies on institutions (psychiatry, medicine and the prison). In addition, he is famous for his work in the field of sexuality.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Michel Foucault
Foucault's work on subjectivity, governmentality and space has been highly influential in shaping an understanding of the relationship between issues of space and identity. Foucault developed the theory of disciplinary power in which he describes the unique relationship between the process of madness and the process of being imprisoned.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Panopticism by Foucault
It is possible to say that it is not surprising because the process of organizing and bureaucracy in modern institutions can be described as the design, development and maintenance of a system of coordinated activities in which individuals and groups of people work cooperatively under leadership towards commonly understood and accepted goals.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Michel Foucault Panopticism
ce with Foucault this sense of surveillance can begin by the town (as a representation of the society) in which ‘the existence of each street is placed under the authority of a syndic, who keeps it under surveillance’ (Foucault, 1995). This surveillance exists because the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Understanding Authorship: Reading Barthes and Foucault
r authorship is dead now that we are living in an increasingly swift communication technology, where people share information through the Internet and they have access to unlimited sources of knowledge. Does the true authorship exist, or is it a by-product of what we have read
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Michel Foucault. Panopticism
Bentham’s Panopticon is used as the foundational element of Foucault’s vision: designed as an annular building with the tower at its centre, the Panopticon is pierced with wide windows and divided into large cells (Foucault). The latter extend the width of
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Weber or Foucault
His theories are evident in various forms in the world. For example, in February, 2014, the UN raised accusation on North Korea of crimes against humanity according to Peter Walker a columnist with the guardian. The country has been able to attain social control through
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Marx and Weber and Foucault
Through analysis of the existing social systems, Max Weber believes that individuals residing within these countries could possibly get remedies to this existing challenge. Individualism
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Postmodernism- Derrida, Foucault and Rorty
This paper analyzes why are Derrida, Foucault and Rorty so skeptical of the philosophical ideas that preceded them. The philosophies of Derrida, Foucault and Rorty do carry a single thread in the sense that they are marked by a stark skepticism and a pervasive suspicion of the power of reason.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us