StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Conversation - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Conversation

For example, we now all realize that the speaker who says "It's me" is not violating a rule of English by which he should say, "It's I." Rather, the mistake belongs to the grammarian who calls it an error.
Speaker transition without gap or overlap is a feature of the social organization of conversation, achieved always then and there. For example, participants do not retrospectively attain it by editing their memory of a conversation. They do not, in the first instance, go outside the conversation in order to report violations to referees, policemen, oracles, etc., in the hope that external agencies will punish the violators. There is, then, a social organization to turn-taking which has as one of its proper products that one person talks at a time: Achieving this product requires participants to encounter and solve at least two tasks: the collaborative location of transition points, and the collaborative use of means for arriving at who speaks after any current speaker (Beattie, 1983). These are tasks which, on the situated occasions of their solution, are tasks of understanding. And participants so interpret them. They take failing to talk when one has been selected to and another stops as evidence of failing to understand what has been said.
The specific kinds of understanding required for achieving proper turn-taking are determined by how turn-taking is socially organized. For example, if conversation were structured so that the order of speakers and the lengths of their utterances were pre-assigned for whole conversations, turn-taking would impose rather minimal tasks of understanding upon participants (Duncan, 1972). They work in such a way as to require that parties to a conversation do extensive work of understanding if their system of turn-taking is to operate as it does. Both employ utterance units which need to be constantly monitored for their completion. Both operate to select future speakers in an one utterance at a time fashion. And both, thereby, impose upon conversation participants demanding and identical tasks of understanding and of demonstrating understanding.
If speaker transition is to occur with neither gap nor overlap, any intended next speaker must work on understanding the current utterance so as to know what it will take for that utterance to be completed. Utterances must be built so that attention to them permits projecting their future (Duncan, 1974). Participants must be trained in an ability to understand that permits them to use such information in a timely fashion. It is possible to design a system in which the work of such understanding would be minimal. A linguistic particle or other sign might be required to be emitted at some specific point before the ending of an utterance. Or utterances might have to be of some pre-specified size. But, in fact, utterance completion does not operate
In addition to the collaborative locating of utterance endings, any conversational system in which turns are taken one at a time, must have ways of allocating future speakership. Some formula which pre-assigned the order of all speakerships for a conversation might both reduce the chances of more than one speakership happening at once and assure that someone would be responsible to talk upon each completion. But the turn-taking systems of Thai and American conversation do not operate this way. Instead, they work one utterance at ...Show more

Summary

In asserting this as a fundamental feature of conversation, we are not ignoring the fact that gaps, overlaps and silence often do occur (Beattie,1978). Further, it can be shown that gaps, overlaps and more than one at a time are violations in two serious senses…
Author : salvadornikolau
Conversation essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Conversation"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Conversation Analysis
Some scholars also define speech act at a further level, the perlocutionary level which implies the practical affect on the listener and comprises of pursuasion, enlightening, scaring, inspiring etc. (Austin 1962). On the other hand, some scholars like (Searle, 1969) postulate that speech primarily consists of the illocutionary act.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Conversation Essay
While, on the other hand, Cynthia Ozick’s arguments were presented in the article Public and Private Intellectuals. After reading and conceptualizing on works by these two authors, a connection with academic conversation essay came in the form of the topic Mediocre Public Intellectuals.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Conversation between countries
Online conversations connect people from different locations and are people able to share what affects and also ought to answer some life problems. Bringing people together and putting them in a single community over a particular platform mostly through conversation is known as cosmopolitanism.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Function of spoken conversation
Discussions wouldn't last for more than a minute; and arguments would be so tiresome people wouldn't bother having them. To be honest, I think the world might be a more peaceful place then. Spoken Communication is described by the Free Online Dictionary as communicating by word of mouth.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Conversation analysis
Conversation analysis is a complex sociological science which has developed since the 1960s to include the multi-layer communication methods which human employ when conversing with each other. It is a branch of sociolinguistics which takes as its central
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Entering the conversation
Also, different philosophies from various times and places will be the point of reference with regard to this topic. Allhof and Monroe’s book gives a very enlightening and also
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Conversation essay
The common themes in the three stories are uses and importance of colors, representation and depiction of masculinity and femininity, and applications of religions although the representation of the subjects may be unique basing on each writer’s viewpoints
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Conversation and Community
Apart from sports, other hot topics of conversation in various communities include politics, education, and technology among others. Consequently, these topics generate lengthy conversations as well as debates in different people. From a practical
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Conversation
The conversation started with an analysis of a piece of art. My interlocutor (Mike) was standing in front of the painting and tried to construct a consistent argumentation by pointing on the parts of the painting he was interpreting. His body language seemed
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Historical Conversation Project
The author states that the people are treated in a way that is worst than how animals are treated. When these people are released they are stripped of their basic rights as citizens. These were the right that were won in the civil rights movement and includes the right to vote, right to serve on jury and the right to be free from legal discrimination.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation