Rhetoric from Homer to Augustine

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Philosophy
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1. Rhetoric as an art of argumentation has a very long history. It goes back to the time of Ancient Greece where it was concerned as one of the most important arts. Rhetoric passed a long way of development through history and philosophy. Today it is not concerned as a very important art as it was in epoch of its becoming, but rhetoric rules and laws can play an important role in argumentation, point of view defending and eloquence development…

Introduction

Antique civilization contributed a lot to our modern science and laid foundation of modern scientific conceptions of the world inside and outside of us. Rhetoric is just one point of ancient heritage. Rhetoric from Homer to Augustine went through the phase of its origin and becoming when fundament of this art was laid.
2. Rhetoric in Greece was one of the three liberal arts. So it was a very important art. In Homer days rhetoric was not widely developed yet, but it is possible to say that Homer's contribution to rhetoric is obvious. His epic poems "Iliad" and "Odyssey" were full of poetic dialogues, argumentations and word exercises for achieving different goals. His poetry influenced further poetic and rhetoric development in Greece. But in 5th century B. C. rhetoric became known for wide people through sophists. They thought people skill of argumentation. Sophists' work was valued rather high as they helped people to defend their personal interests, not always fair. So this form of teaching soon declined. Plato's teaching was another significant step to rhetoric development. He was an opponent for the sophists. ...
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