But man’s struggle for power does not end here. Now he needs the reputation he had been craving for. Fear of death is a thing of past now, and mental peace prevails. Man feels unhappy at every sign of devaluation, insult and contempt by his fellow men from whom he expects high regard at which he holds himself and gets disappointed when it does not come to him automatically and this makes him unhappy in others’ company more than in his own. He is well satisfied and smug in his own company . He looks for signs of adulation around him. Quarrel among men does not end with a certain political stability. There are three main principal causes of quarrel among men: competition, diffidence and glory. For competition, man invades another to acquire his possessions, wife and children, (Hobbs seems to be comfortable with this ); for the second, for his own safety and for defending the newly acquired possessions, and for third, (this is emotional matter of heart, not of brain) tries to attain glory through trifles like a smile, a word or a well-meant praise or admiration. Man, who had been ruthless and harsh all along, shows his tender side by unveiling desires for art and sensitivity, and this could involve friends, family, profession or the nation.
Pursuing his argument that political authority is a necessity, Hobbs argues that men live in peace by getting used to authority, the absence of which would keep them involved in war against every man. And in a war , there is no society, no culture, no advancement of knowledge.