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Essay example - Argument on the criteria of personhood & its moral implications
Pages 3 (753 words)
Dr. Mollenkott is an American feminist who is notably recognized due to her work in feminist, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender theologies. Mollenkott presents her point of view which is very similar to the Warren’s Cognitive criteria…
Extract of sample
"The issue of personhood is one that must be addressed through religious reasoning. Hence, the Lutheran Church in America makes a qualitative distinction between the claims of the fetus and the rights of a responsible person made in God’s image who is in living relationships with God and other human beings. Except in the most materialistic of philosophies, human personhood has a great deal to do with feelings, awareness, and interactive experience” (Mollenkott) However Tooley, like Warren, elaborates more extensive criteria of human personhood. Tooley claims that an organism possesses a serious right to life only if it possesses the concept of a self as a continuing subject of experiences and other mental states, and believes that it is itself such a continuing entity. He further explains that being a person does not imply to have a right of continued existence unless that person possesses the concept of a subject of experiences, temporal order, and the identity of things. He arguments that killing of non-humans i.e., animals is permissible for consumption and leather usage however torturing them for a time is not only an unethical act but also punishable by law so a fetus or a deformed infant is similar to these non-humans as they have no awareness of their self. Both Mollenkott’s and Tooley’s gave the philosophical arguments that only Homo sapiens that possess certain connection with their environment have a full right to life. This argument possesses some logical weakness. ...
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