different views as to when an individual can concider a belief knowledje of fact /truth ,rather then just unsubstantiated opinio

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Name Instructor Course Date The Philosophy of Belief or Fact Throughout the ages man has searched for knowledge and admirably pursued accurate knowledge, not only opinion. The Renaissance was a period of great intellectual discoveries, but philosophers were also wary of ideas that were accepted by men but could not be substantiated with facts.


1. Gravity exists In Meditations I, Descartes revealed the beginning of his intellectual journey of doubt by writing, “Several years have now elapsed since I first became aware that I had accepted, even from my youth, many false opinions for true, and that consequently what I afterward based on such principles was highly doubtful; and from that time I was convinced of the necessity of undertaking once in my life to rid myself of all the opinions I had adopted, and of commencing anew the work of building from the foundation, if I desired to establish a firm and abiding superstructure in the sciences.” By discarding all previously accepted notions, the philosopher was left with the foundation of matter and his own “being.” His synthetic method built upon his basic “I think therefore I am” to conclude the existence of mankind was related to Archimedes problem that in order for him “to draw the terrestrial globe out of its place and transport it elsewhere, … one point should be fixed and immovable; in the same way I shall have the right to conceive high hopes if I am happy enough to discover one thing only which is certain and indisputable.” (Durant 639). Descartes’ resulting standard was that if even a segment of an idea was proven false, then the entire idea had no foundation for truth. ...
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