What Is The Main Difference Between Aristotle's Account Of Virtue And Socrates' Account Of Virtue?

What Is The Main Difference Between Aristotle
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Traditionally, the motives of human behaviour attracts are among the key issues discussed in philosophy. Efforts have been made to identify the values and ethics on which human actions are based.


This paper is using comparative method to define the virtue as a main part of human nature, based on Aristotle's and Socrates' philosophy. Both of them were great minds of anthic times and still their works are studied as model of positive thinking.
Virtue is one of these values. The views of philosophers, like Socrates and Aristotle on virtue have attracted the interest of academics worldwide. At a first level, both Socrates and Aristotle refer to virtue as a general term – i.e. they do not explain particularly each aspect of virtue, as a value of human behaviour (Simpson 2002, p.68). However, Socrates considers virtue related to courage, while for Aristotle the context of virtue can be vague (Matthews 2003) – as explained below. In this way, Aristotle has accepted the Socrate’s account of virtue as related to courage but he is differentiated from Socrates to the following point: courage, which, in the form of knowledge, is for Socrates the basis of virtue (Kahn 1998, p.85), is considered for Aristotle just an element of virtue; the latter, in accordance with Aristotle, is likely to be influenced from other elements and values, such as eudaimonia (Klosko 2006). T ...
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