We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Nature of Justice in the Soul and State - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Professor Course Date Philosophy 1. Nature of Justice in the Soul and State Socrates view justice as ‘one of the cardinal human virtues’ or states of the soul. Based on the Plato’s Republic, three parts comprise the soul namely reason, spirit and appetite…
Download paper
Nature of Justice in the Soul and State
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Nature of Justice in the Soul and State

On a personal view, the definition of justice can be logical based on the fact that the three components of the soul can greatly affect the concept of justice. There is only one question in terms of the fact that reason, spirit and appetite can be considered as subjective or personal. This had been answered in the view that the soul is the microcosm of the state. Due to the fact that soul is hard to analyze, the corresponding events in the state can be studied to be able to understand the soul (Republic 436b8–9). With this analogy, it had been considered that by managing the state well, the soul can achieve happiness. For example, the part of the soul, reason is mainly interested in knowledge. In the state, reason corresponds to philosophers who have the virtue of wisdom. Honor is the main interest of the spirit and is possessed by the warriors who have the virtue of courage. Desire, which is the third component of the soul, can be equated to the commoners since the main interest is to achieve pleasures. They have the virtue of temperance (Republic 415a-433e). Looking through the different virtues, justice cannot be found. The main view of Plato is that justice can be found in all of the classes in the society, although each one may have different perception of the concept. In the dialogue, different individuals gave their opinions which all had logical points. Cephalus said that justice is about telling the truth and repaying debts, but Socrates pointed out that it can be true but not at all times or situations (Republic 331c). Polemarchus on the other had said that justice is “giving to each what is owed” but Socrates pointed out that this can alienate the people who had done crimes which can lead to more crimes or wrong doings (Republic 335d). Every speaker in the dialogue had a point specifically Socrates. The other speakers were concerned about the application of the definition of justice to their own field but Socrates was able to present the different sides on a general term. The bottom line in the view of justice, based on the reading then, is that justice does not consider sides, perspectives, virtues, or other elements in the social structure that people deemed important. The main reason for this is impartiality. Plato is right soul and state are the main ground where the rules of justice will be applied. In this case, it is subjective to begin with. There is never an absolute right or an absolute wrong. The view that Plato perceived justice to be in all the classes and all the components of the soul is his own version of impartiality. No matter how he deemed that the philosophers’ roles in the society are the most important in all classes, he still believed that justice can be achieved by the commoners. 2. Characteristics of a Good Citizen and the Possibility of Utopian State There are different definitions of the term citizen depending on the philosophers or the context. Based on Plato’s view in the Republic, a good citizen participates and contributes to the achievement of the goals of the state. He expressed in his work that the people who participates in governance are the citizen. For the Utopian society, he citizens are the philosophers, while the others are the people being led and ruled over. Plato’s philosophy on good citizen and even the existence of people revolve around the political concepts (Republic 415a-433e). Thoreau described good citizens as active people with goals ... Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Nature of Justice in the Soul and State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/philosophy/38257-1-the-nature-of-justicein-the-soul-and-the-state-2-the-characteristics-of-a-good-cittzen-and-the-possibility-of-a-utopian-sta
(Nature of Justice in the Soul and State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Nature of Justice in the Soul and State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/38257-1-the-nature-of-justicein-the-soul-and-the-state-2-the-characteristics-of-a-good-cittzen-and-the-possibility-of-a-utopian-sta.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to Plato
Justice or Moral Uprightness of Human Rights. Plato’s Republic is one of the foremost philosophical texts of the ancient world. While the text examines a broad array of philosophical issues, one of its primary considerations is the nature of morality. In the second book of the Republic, Glaucon argues that morality is only a socially constructed concept that individuals follow because it is to their advantage to do so.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Is Thrasymachus and Hobbes right to see human nature in such stark terms, or is Socrates right to see justice as something good in and of itself
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that the type of justice in the proposition of Hobbes and Thrasymachus can be the right form when it is frequently the economy that matters to people over other vital aspects of life. Socrates has proven that this is not often so.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The Nature Of The Human Soul
Three well-respected early scholars, who presented theories about the nature of the soul, are Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes. This paper will examine my opinion and the theories of Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes, across eight factors. The factors are: 1.
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper
Plato's theory of justice
The non-professional persistence for justice and selfishness gave him an idea of what to tackle. Plato attacked society by putting forth a model of society with perfect justice system; the influence was powered by Plato’s ideology that justice is the best cure for all the evil in society.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Platos the Republic: Justice
Plato uses two ways to define the essence of justice as serving the interest of different parts of the “soul” and that of the parts of the “state” (Bhandari). It is evident that the soul is subdivided into three unique portions, which include the appetitive, spirited, and the rational.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Greek Mythology and Platos Concept of the Soul
Many religions in the world preach that the soul is immortal and that the body is merely a physical apparatus for the soul. Some believe the individual’s soul
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Though his teaching style was deliberately coy he was able to cultivate a set of responses that was consistent with his notion of a highest good and justice for both individuals and for society more generally. In
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to plato
Conversely, Plato (through Socrates) makes the contention that justice and morality are not socially constructed entities, but instead exist objectively. In this instance, humans
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
What is Justice
ugh the concept of justice is so ubiquitous to the theological, legal and philosophical works throughout the world, conceived in all ages and times, there is no denying the fact that the accurate meaning of the term justice is a thing that still challenges the philosophers,
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Soul Individualism
Human quest to understand the hidden aspects of life paved way for millions of ideas that ultimately transformed into beliefs. The beliefs were the main driving factors behind the strange actions and their consequences;
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Nature of Justice in the Soul and State for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us