Criticizing Augustine's Account of Natural and Moral Evil.

Criticizing Augustine
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Philosophy
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Name Course Title Name of Professor Date of Submission Criticizing Augustine’s Account of Natural and Moral Evil Introduction The major issues of St. Augustine’s The City of God, specifically Books XI-XIV, are the creation of the universe, the fall of Adam and Eve, and the problem of evil or, more specifically, the difference between natural and moral evil…

Introduction

A number of mortals will be saved by the love and compassion of God, and others will be denounced to endless suffering. Ultimately, the justice and goodness of God are expressed. After reading the City of God, particularly Books XI-XIV, I came to oppose Augustine’s explanation of the roots and of the ultimate nature of moral evil. It is argued that the concept of temporarily faultless entities intentionally giving in to sin is meaningless and paradoxical. A genuinely faultless entity, albeit free to commit transgressions, would ideally or, in truth, never commit even one sin. To point the root of evil to the intentional wrongdoing of a faultless entity is hence to claim the ultimate irony that evil has shaped itself out of nothing. Moreover, there seems to be a dissonance between this theological account and the canon of predestination of Augustine, which effectively creates the root of moral evil within the liability and intention of God. The canon of Augustine talks about the descending of angels. Augustine introduced the notion of Natural and Moral evil. The former are the occurrences that resemble evil, like war, flood, earthquakes, etc. ...
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