Critical Analysis of Locke's Representative Realism and Berkeley's Subjective Idealism

Critical Analysis of Locke
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Download 0
John Locke's theory of representative realism and George Berkeley's subjective idealism are two opposing views. There is no determinate means of deciding between them since there is no actual experiment that can be executed in order to determine whether reality is formed by realism or by idealism…


However, some phenomena are best represented using the theory of realism, while other phenomena are best represented by idealism. An example of which is when attempting to understand the basis of phenomena that are usually labeled as miracles, magic, spontaneous healing, or shamanism. The best theory to adopt in this case is that of idealism. So in practice, a thinker will determine what phenomena are most essential to him, and then support the theory that he deems best to interpret them. In Berkeley’s point of view, all thoughts, passions and ideas exist within the mind, while anything that is outside of the mind is unintelligible. His claims is such that it is impossible for us to ever come to know what is outside the mind, and so, we cannot even think about it. This claim would then entail that anything that is outside of mind has no meaning for us. If something is outside of the mind, it means that we are incapable of receiving any sensory input and any sensations from it. This entails that we are incapale of even perceiving it because we cannot detect it in any way. Sensations are meaningless except to the mind that receives them. All the ideas that we have of objects are derived from sensation and so are set within mind. Objects necessitates a mind to perceive them. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Cultural Relativism- Critical Analysis Essay
Argument in standard form Premises 1. According to cultural relativists, there are no universal moral principles. 2. Each society has its own different codes of conduct 3. Each moral or code of conduct applies only to the society in question. 4. We should adopt an attitude of tolerance towards the custom practices of other cultures Conclusion There is no objective truth in morality; it is nothing…
5 pages (1255 words)
Locke's point on view about empiristics
Explain why Berkeley maintains that if empiricists take these ideas seriously, Locke's account actually leads to radical doubts about the existence of the material world. What solution to this problem does Berkeley think that empiricists should accept? Berkeley's solution, however, is widely seen to be highly problematic. Which of these two problems-the (alleged) problems facing Locke or…
2 pages (502 words)
Critical Analysis Paper
Moreover, Chaffee’s The Philosopher’s Way discusses the various philosophers’ view of the world, the nature of reality, and the truth (2012, 51). By using Kants Categorical Imperative and utilitarian views, morality is relative to humans’ rationale of right and wrong. Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative Kant is the main proponent of a critical type of philosophy known as the…
7 pages (1757 words)
critical analysis assignment: PRIVACY
As a function of this level of analysis, I hope that one of the prime viewpoints of Moor will be more appropriately explained and analyzed within the context of privacy and the law. Through coming to an understanding of the way that privacy law has grown and developed, the reader/researcher can come to appreciate the rules and regulations that serve to protect what many have come to consider a…
3 pages (753 words)
Berkeley's Perception Theory
This may seem dubious for conventional individuals reading his proposition, because he upheld the notion that material items solely exist in minds of individuals that perceive them. The contention arises from the widespread knowledge that common sense involves continued existence of objects even when one fails to perceive them. In simple terms, even though all of an individual’s visual ideas…
3 pages (753 words)
Materialism and Idealism: Epicurus and Berkeley
According to Epicurus, “The first principle is that nothing can be created from the nonexistent” (Author 108). This is rather a common sense view of things, for how can one thing arise from something that does not exist. However, this basic principle of materialism rejects the idea of creation, or making something out of nothing. It therefore rejects the possibility that there is a God who…
6 pages (1506 words)
Moodal Realism
Epistemology is popularly held to be a conjunction of two fundamental words: "episteme", which means knowledge or information and "logos" means belief or a system of meanings. Thus it is a field of enquiry into the relevance and ingredients of knowledge and how do they affect us by their state and nature of existence. Hence, knowledge is seen as an after product of something. It is not a neutral…
16 pages (4016 words)