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A true Picture of Happiness - Essay Example

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A true Picture of Happiness

Narrow hedonism does not consider the preference or desire of a person in regards to happiness (Mill, 2008,p.123). It considers that pleasures are common to everyone and hence, ignores the desire of a person. However, the pain and pleasure experiences vary according to desires in human beings and hence, narrow hedonism fails to include the wider aspects of happiness. Preference hedonism refuses the idea of narrow hedonism and considers the desire of human being as central to happiness. That is, preference hedonism says that human being is happy when he gets whatever he prefers, even if it means pain (Mill, 2008,p.123). This is because for some people, even pain can be a source of pleasure. So, according to preference hedonism, if pain gives pleasure to some people, then pain can also be a source of happiness. In preference hedonism, the scope of happiness is expanded to include all the different kinds of experiences that the mind desires and prefers over other experiences (Mill, 2008,p.123). This means that if a person prefers something over other, even if that thing gives him pain and discontent, then that thing is pleasurable to him and hence, becomes a source of happiness (Mill, 2008,p.123). ...
It says that person feels happy when he experiences pleasure in life (Haybron, 2001, p.510). According to hedonism, things and experiences that give pleasure to a person are the cause of his happiness (Haybron, 2001, p.510). However, this is not plausible theory of happiness because human beings have much more to their existence than just the sensory desires and momentary pleasure. People do not become happy just by eating a chocolate ice cream or watching a movie. These are the experiences that give momentary pleasures and excitement to people, but do not have a long lasting and deep impact on their mind. Human beings have deeper needs of mind, heart and soul, which do not depend on momentary and shallow pleasurable experiences, but depend on the stable mental state and attitude (Haybron, 2001, p.510). Happiness is a consistent, stable and deeper state of mind which does not get affected by shallow emotional and pleasurable experiences. Hedonism focuses only on sensory fulfillment and overlooks the need of human heart and soul, which contributes to happiness by achieving higher things in life. Hence, theory of hedonism is an incomplete theory of happiness and hence, is not plausible. Other theory that tries to explain happiness in human beings is the ‘life satisfactory theory’. The life satisfactory theory states that people are happy only when they are satisfied with their life (Haybron, 2001, p.508). However, life satisfactory theory also, ultimately, boils down to the ‘attitude’ of a person (Haybron, 2001, p.509). Some people feel satisfied with a certain situation in their life but others can feel dissatisfied with the same situation (Haybron, 2001, p.509). This shows that same situation can be interpreted and experienced ...Show more


Affective Theory: A True Picture Of Happiness Name of the of the University Narrow and Preference Hedonism Hedonism is a theory that tries to explain what makes human beings happy. Hedonism considers that happiness is a result of pleasures that human beings experience…
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