StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

A Philosophical Review of Nature's and Animal Rights - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
A Philosophical Review of Nature's and Animal Rights

In contrast, Tom Regan disputes that there is a difference between ‘having an interest in something’ and ‘taking an interest in it’ (Varner, 1998, 55), which then implies that domestic species, being mindless species, have innate biological interests. Regan thus defined biological interest in this way: “the two senses really are logically distinct: A being can be interested in something that is not in his interests, and something may be in a being’s interest despite the fact that he is not interested in” (Varner, 1998, 55). This means that domestic species, having no conscious desires in any way, have biological interest of their own. Regan added that plants and objects can reasonably be thought to have biological interests, since both have intrinsic values in their own breed. On the other hand, Gary Varner (1994) argues that if all living things have biological interests, then it is implausible to prevent spoiling countless biological interests of others. Varner cited John Passmore’s passage to define biological interest: “the Jainist principle [of avoiding harm to all living things]… is far too strong. This is the more obvious now that we are aware of the minute living organisms which everywhere surround us. In breathing, in drinking, in eating, in excreting, we kill. We kill by remaining alive” (as cited in Varner, 1998, 77). This implies that nonhuman animals and plants have biological interests of their own, but lose these biological interests when confronted with the biological interests of human beings. However, if domestic species do not have biological interests, it is still possible that they have inherent or intrinsic worth as shown by the arguments of Paul Taylor, Tom Regan, and Peter Singer. First, according to Taylor (1981), to argue that a nonhuman animal has inherent worth is to assume that its interests [Taylor believes that domestic species have biological interests] merit the respect and thought of every moral agent. Moreover, the recognition of its interests has intrinsic value, to be realized as an objective and on behalf of the being whose interest it is. Taylor further argues that inherent worth is “not some mysterious sort of objective property belonging to living things that can be discovered by empirical observation or scientific investigation” (Taylor, 1981, 204). Hence, to say that a domestic species, which would not exist without human interference, have no inherent worth is wrong since, according to Taylor, inherent worth cannot be determined by inductive reasoning or sense perception. Ultimately, Taylor (1981) believes that inherent worth is a “value that is ascribed to nonhuman animals and plants themselves, independently of their relationship to what humans judge to be conducive to their own good” (p. 204). Hence, with or without human interference, domestic species have inherent worth. Similarly, Tom Regan states that “the presence of inherent value in a natural object is independent of any awareness, interest, or appreciation of it by any conscious being” (Varner, 1994, 26). Domestic species have inherent value, and it is equal to that of human beings. The lack of intellect or reason is not a justification to say that nonhuman animals do not possess inherent value. Likewise, Peter Singer claim that if a nonhuman animal has a particular feature, like biological inter ...Show more

Summary

Running Head: Environmental Ethics A Philosophical Review of Nature’s and Animal Rights Case Analyses Name Name of Professor Question 1 As stated by Gary Varner, biological interest has been defined by Feinberg (1974) as “an interest, however the concept is finally to be analyzed, presupposes at least rudimentary cognitive equipment…
Author : xwalsh
A Philosophical Review of Natures and Animal Rights essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"A Philosophical Review of Nature's and Animal Rights"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Animal Rights
Before going into the discussion regarding rights of animals, let us get a better understanding of what this movement actually is. Bocco states, “Animal Rights is a movement that intends to protect all animals from being exploited and abused by humans”. The main cause of this movement is to make people stop showing cruelty towards animals.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal rights
The man kind was never entitled to use animals for entertainment purposes to say the least. Realization has been around in this regard and throughout centuries people have raised voice for animals rights The first instance in this regard was noticed in 1635 when a legislation was brought to forefront that opposed use of sheep fur for wool making [2].
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal rights
There are organizations fighting for animal rights but those organizations are not as active as they should be. Analysis Tom Regan’s essay expansively presents the fate of animals; the 3 page essay sheds light upon how human beings think that animals are for us and we can use them any which way we would like.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal Rights
History would provide some evidence even of man being buried together with his pet animal as revealed in some archaeological studies, indicating man’s closeness to animals, particularly dogs. In fact, even to the present day, dogs, among other animals, have proven themselves to have great utility value to men, after having shown that they can herd, they can hunt, they can track, they can sled, they can police, they can identify, they can sniff and entertain and do a host of other special skills that men would be less capable of doing.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Animal Rights
Question 1 Human ethical attitudes and practices with respect to the non-human animals exhibit an inquisitive instability. On the other hand, several people believe that it is unethical and wrong to inflict anguish and death on an animal for an inconsequential reason.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal Rights
Concerning this point, various philosophical considerations surface in order to convince the public that we have indeed moral or ethical responsibilities towards animals. Arguments are therefore essential in this case and it is the primary purpose of the work at hand to critically evaluate and focus on the relevant articles that Michael Pollan, Tom Regan and Harriet Schleifer have made available for the public’s perusal online.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Animal Rights
Philosophical ethical arguments have similarly emerged. Of the two articles examined in this paper, the first by Regan and Singer states the unequivocal rights of
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal Rights
The point of the proponent of this paper is to show why there is a considerable reason to oppose to animal rights. The following concepts about social contract, moral choices and intellect are discussed in order to
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Animal rights
The research involves using animals for testing and trial purpose before using a particular type of drugs or treatment procedure to a human being. The animals used, in this case, have rights that control various factors on
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Animal rights
Human beings tend to overlook the point that the general human race form pargt and parcel of the animals in the globe. The inflictions of pain, subject to stress, or even murder in the name of research are all
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation