Epistemology and the Legend of the Sphinx in Oedipus Rex

Epistemology and the Legend of the Sphinx in Oedipus Rex Research Paper example
College
Research Paper
Philosophy
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Download 0
Epistemology and the Legend of the Sphinx in Oedipus Rex Oedipus Rex is a King of Thebes who is renowned for his intelligence and ability to solve all manner of riddles. When he arrives in Thebes, there is a plague in the city, but he saves it by solving the riddle of the sphinx…

Introduction

The idea of pharmakos in Oedipus Rex is embodied in the interaction between the sphinx and Oedipus and how the sphinx guards and reveals knowledge. Pharmakos is the idea that there is a duality to things; that an item can be both a cure and a poison. The sphinx is used as a pharmakos in Oedipus Rex because not only does her physical appearance portray a duality, but also her riddles conceal knowledge in their ambiguity, but also in a sense, reveal truth concerning Oedipus and the Greek society. Epistemology Epistemology can be defined as the branch of philosophy that looks at the nature, origin, methods, as well as limits of human knowledge. It seeks to answer the question of how to distinguish true knowledge from false knowledge. One of the outstanding epistemological problems in Oedipus Rex is the ambiguity presented in terms of the nature and extents of Oedipus’ knowledge about his true origins (Carel 103). Many philosophers have argued that Oedipus may have been too ignorant to figure out facts about his past. However, at the beginning of the play, his intelligence is well portrayed when he is the only man who has the ability to solve the riddle of the sphinx. This ambiguity brings forth the vagueness of the extent to which Oedipus can and should be held responsible for his actions, which are: killing his biological father and marrying his own mother. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Naturalized Epistemology
This implies that ‘x’ is in such context or state that the possibility of ‘x’ being known is increased. Finally, third, the question of certainty, which is highlighted by the question by the question ‘how do I know that I know x? In the face of such questions, can it be hold that certainty is something that eludes humanity since the basis for the certainty of what people may claim to…
Epistemology
Empirical form of knowledge can determine truth based on the actual experience of an individual through events or things that happen around the environment. b.) EMPIRICAL claims there are the four different theories concerning the determination of the truth of empirical claims: Correspondence theory of truth Coherence theory Pragmatist theory Scientific Theory Describe each of these four theories…
Downfall of Oedipus and Medea
However, like all other tragedies this play also focuses on the downfall of Oedipus and interestingly enlightens the readers about power struggle between God and Man. Edith Hall also says, “Oedipus can only fulfill his exceptional god-ordained destiny because Oedipus is a preeminently capable and intelligent human being” (xvi). Although the ending of the play reiterates the fact that man is a…
Epistemology
By being “in the head”, do we mean, for instance, that what we call the “mind” is actually just the brain and consequently that what we call “mental states” are nothing but the physical states of the brain? If this is the case, we should then in principle be able to tell a person’s thoughts simply by examining the physical states of his or her brain, but this is, if not utterly…
epistemology
Philosophers have come up with theories best to meet varied retail management strategies and aligning them with varied customers’ needs with time (Tsoukas, 2005). Douglas McGregor in his book “Human side of enterprise” acknowledged an method of making an atmosphere in which employees are encouraged through imposing, direction and control or integration and self-control which he called theory…
epistemology
More often than not, when people think about acquisition of knowledge that they possess, their attention is drawn to school or college as the source of that knowledge. However, these are not the only existing ways of acquiring knowledge. For example, the process or onset of acquisition of knowledge is way before school when one is a baby or a toddler. When a baby cries, he gets the attention of…
Epistemology Essay
One branch of Philosophy that is considered by some as "pure philosophy" because of the kind of questions that it seeks to address is epistemology. Epistemology is the part of philosophy that has "knowledge" as its focal and central matter of concern. Being such, one of the basic questions of epistemology is "how do you know'" If one look at the question, it can be safely assumed that it is…