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Na me Professor Class Date Philosophy Quizzes SS.R 5-9, 11-12 1. In the dialogue, Plato reveals that death is the event that releases the soul from its earthly prison, which is the body. For Plato, the soul is the real self --- and is immortal --- and that death and dying is a means to release the person's true being.
The need for self-realization is the reason behind birth, thus the need for a chariot, which is the earthly body. Once one's desires are fulfilled and begins to love nothing else but the “Self”, one reaches the state of Nirvana, making rebirth unnecessary. 3. In “Questions of King Milinda,” monk Nagasena discusses the state of non-self --- that there is no inherent and permanent essence to the self --- which is in contrast with the Katha Upanishad belief that there is a “self.” Thus, there is no essence of a chariot. Nagasena compares the chariot to humans, and follows it with a discussion on how the chariot consists of several parts, each one important on the supposed essence of the chariot. However, since each part is without permanence, each ever-changing, the essence therefore does not exist. 4. Void must be added to the concept of movement. According to Lucretius, the composition of things are not kept close together. There is some void within things that allows movement. He argues that without empty space or vacuum, movement would not be possible. If there is no empty space, every movement would disturb the other things occupying the universe. 5. Descartes argues that there is a mind-body dualism, making it possible for the mind to exist without the body, and the body to exist without the mind. ...
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