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The Trial of Socrates - Essay Example

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The Trial of Socrates

He says that all the allegations have their birth from prejudice and resentment. To simplify their perspective conflicts, he explains all that caused widespread resentment and prejudice against him among those who believed they were wise. Socrates claims that he has got many people indignant because he proved that they were not wise (16). He did this empirical application of truth of wisdom with politicians, poets and artisans. Socrates claims that though they are good at their work, they do it by a certain innate power and inspiration and not by wisdom. Thus, Socrates establishes that it is God’s will for him to test all those who claim to be wise and prove that they are not really wise, as he believes only God to be wise. So, it is this indignation that caused all kinds of allegations against him. The second allegation against him is that he teaches people to disbelieve in Gods (17) and as alleged by Meletus that he corrupts the young people in Athens by teaching them so. In order to prove his stance, Socrates asks Meletus if anyone intentionally tries to get hurt, and Meletus promptly declines the chances of such an event. Then Socrates asks if no one loves to get hurt, how they can allege that he tries to make people around him bad and expect him to want to get himself hurt. It was Meletus who agreed that no one loves to live with bad people (18). Thus, Socrates traps Meletus in his own false allegation that he tries to make young people bad. Then Socrates answers the second allegation

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that he teaches there is no god. Firstly, he makes Meletus say that he teaches people to believe in certain gods but not in the state gods, thus proving that he is not an atheist. As Meletus again alleges that Socrates is a complete atheist, Socrates asks the counter question if it is possible for someone to believe in things pertaining to man and not in man, and if it is possible to believe in horsemanship and not in horse (20). Thus, Socrates effectively manages to prove that what Meletus alleges against him is totally baseless. Yet another part that deserves attention is the area where Socrates answers the doubt why he lives such a dangerous life that may give him death. Here, he explains that when he was placed by his commanders at Potidaea and Amphipolis, he never left his place because of fear of death (21). In his life, God is his Supreme Commander who has directed him to search wisdom and to examine the wisdom of himself and that of others. With his counter questions and explanations, Socrates claims that he does not shrink from doing what is right for fear of death. Evidently, the author has managed to connect various arguments in the most cohesive way. At first, Socrates claims that all allegations against him are baseless and they arise out of resentment and anger. Thereafter, Socrates goes on to explain how and why there is resentment against him. In order to prove that the allegations against him are baseless, they are answered by him one by one. The first allegation he falsifies is that he is misleading people. He uses the argument that since no one likes to live in a group of bad people, no one will try to live around someone found bad. Thereafter, he moves to answer the second allegation that he is a complete atheist. He makes Meletus say that he is not an atheist and that he only is against the state gods. Here, he claims that one cannot believe on horsemanship and

Summary

The Trial of Socrates The text in ‘The Trial of Socrates’ is a situational reference from the history that narrates the revelations of Socrates as to how he is being accused wrongly of many things by the Athenians by stating his position about his deeds…
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The Trial of Socrates essay example
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