Justice is a term that has complex meanings and implications that differ significantly depending on the individual. For one individual justice may be seen through the law, for another through society and for yet another through religion. …
Socrates and Augustine were two philosophers that were born into very different ages, filled with different social influences, different religions and different pressures. These differences drove the philosophical theories of the men, and how they defined justice as well as who or what they perceived as the highest authority to judge them. Socrates was born in 470 BC and executed by poison in 399 BC, a time at which Greek religion was prominent. His philosophy was auditory, through dialogue and the exchange of questions and answers with those he was talking with. As a consequence he produced no written works of his philosophy; however, his student Plato produced many written dialogues of Socrates’ philosophy. The dialogues Apology and Crito provide strong indications of his philosophy in regards to justice and the authority to judge. Augustine was born into a much later time, 354 AD, where parts of the Roman Empire were collapsing, and Christianity was becoming the dominant religion. His series of autobiographic books Confessions chronicle his life up till his early 40s and include many philosophical and theological discussions concerning God. These books show the way in which Augustine views justice and judgment. Socrates Socrates was born in 470 BC and died in 399 BC. ...
This ‘Socratic Method’ involved him asking probing questions in a manner that eventually led them to the truth. He would spend a large amount of time in public places, engaging citizens in discussion in an attempt to draw them into greater levels of self-analysis. Plato was a student of Socrates from a young age and wrote many dialogues based on the philosophy that he learned. In the years surrounding 380 BC Plato established a school which forwarded education with focuses on math, music, athletics, philosophy and sciences. Beyond Plato, the only other writer who recorded the philosophy of Socrates was Xenophon; however he did not always portray Socrates philosophically. As a consequence, the writings of Plato are the only indication of Socrates’ philosophy, and it is difficult to tell what parts is Plato’s own philosophy and which are from Socrates. Apology Apology is titled for the term for a Greek defense speech, apologia. Socrates has been brought to trial before the court of Athens with the accusations of corrupting youth, inventing new gods and not recognizing those gods that are accepted by the state. Apology consists of his defense speech against the charges which includes the cross examination of his main accuser, Meletus. In his dialogue with Meletus, Socrates leads him through questions into charging Socrates both with the invention of new gods and with atheism, two contradictory charges. When asked what method of punishment he would prefer on the verdict of guilty, Socrates opts for death over prison or exile, as he will never stop philosophizing and does not fear death. Throughout Apology, Socrates repeatedly and consistently defends his right to be a philosopher and to the way in which he lives. He makes it clear to the court that the aim ...
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His ideas and philosophy have formed the basis for western philosophy. As his life, his death also has been much talked about because of his trial and execution. This paper is an attempt to answer the question: “Is Socrates guilty, or not?” When justice and truth are considered in law, it is important to look at the validity of the authority and the court.
The criminal justice system uses coercion if it is not controlled in its mission to deliver justice to the people (Terrill, 2009). This excess can only be checked by an oversight committee which reports to the authorities or conducts investigations. Most of the police officers do not work according to the standards of their work hence the need of the civilian oversight committee to provide accountability and transparency in the system (Bruce, 2002).
Evaluation of criminal justice authority or discretion is of considerable significance; it ensures that no personnel in the criminal justice systems misuse or abuse power. Discretionary authority is widely practiced in the various fields of criminal law justice. For instance, police officers use discretion.
Throughout the first book of Plato’s Republic the concept of justice is explored through the Socratic dialogue form. Beginning with his discussion with Cephalus through to his argument with Thrasymachus, Socrates offers an understanding of justice through the negation his opponent’s truth claims.
The word ‘Apology’ refers to the Greek terminology in this work and means ‘explaining’ and therefore the explanation given by Socrates to defend himself, rather than the English word ‘apology’ which means to be sorry for something (Cavalier,
The centre is established in such a way that it rehabilitates the children. Most of the offenses committed by the children are; running away, truancy, underage alcohol consumption and curfew violations. Most of the children cases are not treated like adult
Augustine believes that God cleanses man from sins since childhood with the understanding that no one is free from sins as stated by Paul in the book of Romans. He perceives God as a close friend who he can confide to and tell all his joys and sorrows to. This
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