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Comparison of the Scientific Philosophies of Kuhn, Duhen and Lauden
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Name Class Teacher Date Comparison of the scientific philosophies of Kuhn, Duhem and Lauden Thomas Kuhn, Pierre Duhem, and Larry Lauden each contributed valuable information regarding the philosophy of science and the issues which beleaguer it. Foremost for all of them was the question: How can scientific process be more accurate?
Therefore, his philosophy will be examined first. Duhem posits that “hypotheses are not straightforwardly refuted by experiment and that there are no crucial experiments in science.” (Wikipedia, 10/19/11) This means that a hypothesis cannot be directly disproved by being part of an experiment. There are several possible reasons which support this theory. First, Duhem works on the presumption that experiments are conducted by humans, who are fallible. Therefore, the results they produce will not be perfect. This means that experiments in science are inherently flawed, which devalues the results of said experiments. Duhem would go on to set the stage for the theories of Kuhn and Lauden, because Duhem presents the idea that hypothesis, experiment, and fact are not inextricably linked. Kuhn and Lauden dig deeper to consider the reasons why. Thomas Kuhn makes the point that “science has included bodies of belief quite incompatible with the ones we hold today.” (Kuhn, 238) The premise here is that one generation’s science is another generation’s bunk. Certainly, history is full of examples of past beliefs which have fallen out of fashion with the advent of scientific knowledge and the technology which helps to uncover it. ...
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