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This paper helps to provide an insight into the problem that doubting knowledge poses on the average human being and how to deal with the same by using postulated theories laid down by philosophers. The problem of scepticism may be divided into ‘what’ can be known by a person because every individual has a certain amount of knowledge about plenty of things and most people presume a great amount of things from the implications of the situation at hand. Some of these facts may seem to be so true to a person that anyone doubting them would be doing a very pointless job. For example, one writes with a pen on a paper; this is a very common aspect of daily living and it is not possible to be sceptic about such a statement because it is quite obvious that a pen is an instrument one uses to write on paper. However, it may so be understood that just because most people believe in a certain aspect of life, it may not actually be true. For example, earlier, people were under the impression that the world was flat and not round, however, science proved them wrong by making it clear that the Earth is round and it revolves around the sun unlike popular theory at the time according to which the Earth was the major segment of the universe around which every star and planet revolved. Optical illusions are another aspect of beliefs that most people have which do not turn out to be true in the end. Sometimes people presume that they are seeing someone familiar from a distance however on coming closer they realise that they are mistaken about the same and that it is a different person. Optical illusions play tricks on a person’s eyes and make them believe in something that does not exist. It is possible to be sceptic about everything that occurs around oneself however in that case it will not be possible to believe in what the reality or actuality of the situation is. If one keeps going on about this fashion, then it might not be easy to understand when to stop questioning and when to start believing in what is happening around a person. A man will be caught up in infinite regress if he goes on doubting everything happening around him and will not be able to differentiate between an experience and an actual situation. However, some critics question why a person should at all pay attention to scepticism because it counters everything that a person believes in. The entire idea of scepticism refutes itself or may be understood as a contradictory concept because a person has the right to turn around and question why believe in anything at all. Thus scepticism just defeats itself and nothing can be surely known. Nonetheless, if it is a veritable fact that nothing can be known then that itself is a justified argument that cannot be doubted. Thus, scepticism is a false concept according to this theory. Socrates spoke about how he knew nothing, and this was termed as academic scepticism. However, if he is openly admitting the fact to knowing nothing, then it is quite obvious that he knows something, which is that he does not know anything. Thus, this cannot be termed as scepticism. The aspect of Pyrrhonian scepticism on the other hand states that absolutely nothing can be known but if this cannot be proven or shown then why worry about its outcomes? Thus, just ...Show more


The Problem of Scepticism Name The Problem of Scepticism Bertrand Russell writes, “Philosophy, if it cannot answer so many questions as we could wish, has at least the power of asking questions which increase the interest of the world, and show the strangeness and wonder lying just below the surface even in the commonest things of daily life.” Scepticism refers to doubt; it occurs when a person questions anything that he hears or sees and does not believe it immediately…
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