Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Philosophy of Biology - There are many concepts of species. Much has been written about them in the philosophical and technical literatures. What trends in species concepts can you see? How trends relate to the wider scientific and philosophical context? - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Ph.D.
Author : jjacobs
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 12 (3012 words)

Summary

One may say that science is a more rigid form of discipline than philosophy as the former involves experimentation and the truth must be duplicable (Reichenbach 1951, p. 303). On the other hand, philosophy had given…

Extract of sample
Philosophy of Biology - There are many concepts of species. Much has been written about them in the philosophical and technical literatures. What trends in species concepts can you see? How trends relate to the wider scientific and philosophical context?

One of the concepts that are subjected to disambiguation and debate is the concept of species as it may have multiple meanings. In general, it is used in many ways but it pertains to subdivision or smaller parts of a whole. It is nominal or name given for the parts of a bigger group. For example, a square is considered as a rectangle though it differs from other forms of rectangles as it has four equal sides. Another example is spouse wherein there are various kinds of spouse like husband or wife (Parry and Hacker 1991, pp. 104-106). Basically, species is used for distinguishing particular subgroup from the others. When it comes to life sciences, species is defined based upon the discovery and theory of Charles Darwin which is about evolution. Species therefore when it comes to biological species concept popularized by Mayr. Species in biology then is the group of natural organisms that has the capacity to reproduce and interbreed and should be isolated from the existence of other groups and populations. The definition then tend to avoid two issues which are species mixing from unrelated by structurally similar and extreme separation of one species from the others. Population dynamics and genetics of organisms are then connected by the said definition as the concept of class was avoided to be intertwined with species. That definition is limiting as the bacteria are not included in that meaning of species. It is not then a problem as Mayr pointed out since the definition focused on preserving the gene pool and its harmony which is not essential for bacteria as those prokaryotes do not suffer from out-crossing (Auletta 2011, pp. 282-283). The definition may look like limiting, but Mayr got a point as bacteria do not reproduce sexually which primarily separate bacteria or prokaryotes from eukaryotes like animals and plants.
As the definition of species is shown above, that can be rooted from ...
Download paper

Related Essays

What is Philosophy? Philosophical Issues.
Many times it has been the case that those who study and practice philosophy tend to focus too much on the subject of the logos and telos, while overlooking the value of ethos. Ethical issues are always constant, and it is a pressing matter in life than trying to figure the existence of reality. …
5 pages (1255 words)
What is Philosophy? Philosophical Conceptions Of Life.
It was believed that the gods were volatile and unpredictable and thus man was at their mercy because they controlled everything. Philosophers introduced a very different line of thought, divergent from the first assumption. They are referred to as thinkers, implying that they ushered in an era where man started to come to conclusions about the issues of life through reason and observation. Philosophy has grown over the years and has been subject to religious and ethical; considerations. This is because religion and ethical standards determine how people act and philosophy tries to explain why…
4 pages (1004 words)
Philosophical Reconstruction
It is almost certainly a good wager that these issues are linked to each other, which certainly are connected to each other. In the First Meditation, Descartes arrives at an inference that whether he is reasoning or questioning, his mind must be present in order to perform such actions, primarily of questioning or contemplating. Hence, he is completely sure of the reality and existence of his own mind. In the Second Meditation, Descartes inaugurates to tackle the characteristic and nature of his own mind, as well as the control that the mind possesses as long as he completely perceives a thing…
3 pages (753 words)
Contemporary Philosophical or Political Thought
Kant has been one of the most influential intellectuals in the world of philosophy with his most discussed philosophical theory of ‘groundwork of the metaphysics of morals’ where he introduced and laid firm foundation the ideas of ethics. In his work, Kant seeks to put down important theory of morality and prove how the principle applies to the people. He put across the idea that the behavior of the principle that a person wishes to do verifies the appropriateness of his or her action. During his era, there was a lot of serious concentration in his mind set about philosophies as due to the…
5 pages (1255 words)
philosophical and Ethical Concepts
Over 70 percent of the Americans believe that the organizations have been stated to be very wasteful on the charitable funds that they get. Only 10 percent of the Americans are convinced that the charity organizations have been doing the right thing and using the money wisely. 17 percent of the Americans believe that the funds were making the right decisions. The statistics show how much the charity organization created mistrust to their donors. The ethical concern is of much importance in this case, and they need much proper understanding. The moral judgment comes later after addressing the…
11 pages (2761 words)
Philosophical Reflections
My moral beliefs trace back to what my parents taught me when I was a child, hence the principle that I try to apply towards other people is to do as I would be done by; however, I have to admit that I often forget about this golden rule of ethics and act the way it is convenient for me, which later makes me ashamed of my actions. The golden rule is the core of my religious ethics, as religion plays significant role in my life and I know that it is religion that have taught me to think of other people before doing something. I believe in God, because He leads me throughout my entire life and…
2 pages (502 words)