His argument is that the intention behind an act is what makes the action moral rather the consequences of the act. He also suggests that a person’s action as a result of his goodwill is a moral action. Kant’s moral theory emphasizes more on the duty rather than the consequences of an action. This property makes scholars to term Kantian ethics as deontological (Kant, p.56). Deontological ethics claim that some actions are intrinsically wrong while others are intrinsically right. According to Kant, this concept is an order that requires the obedience of the subordinates to it as if it is a moral duty. The subordinate’s obedience to the duty is a requirement that does not regard individual desires. This enables the creation of an unconditional society with the basis of reason and free will. The function of categorical imperatives is to act as a test for the principles of our actions and check whether they are moral or not. The principle behind these categorical imperatives is the principle of fair play (Kant, p.84). The idea of fair play means that a person cannot make an exception for himself for his own personal gains. According to Kant, humans can act according to the categorical imperative by taking three forms of action. The philosopher argues that humans should act only according to the adages which they can will to be universal laws. This implies that humans should act in ways that are universally acceptable (Kant, p.112). He also suggests that humans should treat humanity as an end to itself and never merely as a means to their ends. This implies that humans should perceive their race as having the ability to accomplish many different issues. They should not treat humans as a means to satisfying their needs but rather as a means through which they can achieve their targets (Kant, p.23). Finally, the philosopher suggests that humans should act as though they are members in the kingdom of ends in which they are subject and sovereign at the same time. This implies that humans should obey the regulations and practices that govern their respective societies. This will ensure that the peaceful sharing of resources among the members of a society becomes a reality. The author argues that only human beings can follow the laws of their own choosing. This means that only humans are capable of acting rationally. They are the only creatures in the universe who are free and therefore capable of being rational and moral. The act of being rational means acting with a purpose in mind (Kant, p.241). I tend to disagree with the perceptions of the author since his theory suggests that a human being has moral obligations. This is not the case in reality since humans have the freedom to do what they want but face regulations from the law. Humans have the ability to reason between doing what is right and doing the opposite. The act of being free endows humans with unconditional ethics and dignity. The performance of immoral actions is self defeating and logically inconsistent. This is because the individuals cannot will that these immoral actions be made legal throughout the universe (Kant, p.115). This will consequently make promises to come to an abrupt end. It is also logically inconsistent that a person will prefer actions that do not serve his or her highest goals in life (Kant, p.77). Since the philosopher Kant is wrong about centrality of the categorical imperative to an ethical life, the future of morality will be unethical
Kant’s Categorical Imperative Categorical imperative is a term that originates from a philosopher in Germany by the name of Immanuel Kant. It is a term he uses to assign to anything he considers to be unconditional, essential, and a complete moral procedure…
I will select the most appropriate answer based on the theories themselves and not my personal opinion. 1. Hosmers theory in a nut shell, states that managers must be morally responsible in other for the following to happen: A. Moral behavoir generates trust among stakeholders B.
The test of universality, or universability, is a like secular or a Kantian, golden mean. In The Groundwork for a Metaphysics of Morals, which is regarded as the foundation for ‘deontology’, Kant attempted to demonstrate that the duty of man, or of humans, was to obey and act in accordance with the categorical imperative.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) argued that moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality, he termed them as the “Categorical Imperative”. Immorality thus involves contradicting the rules of the Categorical Imperative and is thereby irrational.
Immanuel Kant formulated his principles regarding what is right and wrong. He developed a system of three questions he referred to as formulations which an individual need to ask before undertaking any action in order to decide upon ethicality of the action.
Practical Ethics. A lot of moral and ethical questions are raised especially in relation to biotechnology, politics, life sciences, philosophy, and war. Bioethics is the study of these controversial issues that arise as a result of advancement of medicine and biology.
The novel story goes like this: Billy Budd, a gentle, sober, innocent and lovable sailor, serving the British merchant ship 'Rights-of-Man' is shifted to the warship 'H.M.S. Bellipotent' for war service. Billy agrees to shift to the warship out of his patriotism.
(Kotler, Philip. Marketing management: analysis, planning, implementation and control 8th ed. Prentice-Hall, 1994) ( Webber)
Globalization and International investment on the rise, the premier business publication Forbes magazine undertook the responsibility of evaluating the world trend in investment and marketing on some sound ground rules which would govern their role in the arena of international player in the world market.
Significantly, Kant’s philosophy is anchored in his conviction that the value of man is inbuilt in his ability to reason and his criticisms of utilitarianism have become well-known in the history of philosophy. An analysis of Kant’s ethics of duty and freedom as a response to all previous ethical theories proves the characteristics of the Kantian ethics and the most significant contrast to utilitarianism, according to Kant, is the ethics of duty in which normative judgments are made on the basis of the character of the action rather than its consequences.
One of the most important implications of deontology is that praiseworthy goals can never justify immoral actions, in contrast to doctrines that claim the ends justify the means. Deontology is directly in opposition to consequentially, an ethical theory in which the ends can justify the means because decisions are judged primarily in terms of their consequences.
Imperatives that are hypothetical aim at achieving certain results that a person wants. Kantian ethics have two characteristics in that they are ethics of duty and they also profess that an action is moral if it is done because it is the right thing to do.
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