The relationship between the cave, the divided line and the sun should be considered using allegory application and applied as a whole1. Thesis statement: Contribution of Plato about the form of good in itself might be seen to be small in quantity but big in quality. Divided line In the cave, divided line is said to be parallel to ascent which is described in the cave parable implying that for all terms in epistemological promotion there exist corresponding different objects or object. Looking at the analogy of divided line, it is worth noting that forms are different from things which are perceptible. Also, accessing epistemic things is not related in any way to intelligent forms. The cave In the cave case, is not indicated whether it is parallel or corresponding to the divided line. However, four categories of objects are given in the cave such as2: I. Echoes and shadows II. Artifacts which cast the shadows and are puppetlike III. The sun IV. The animals and people who stand for artifacts. The stages in ascent of the cave The stages in the ascent of the cave are given as prisoners being chained, prisoners in the cave who are not chained, those who use sun’s light to view things which are perceptible and those who see the sun and understand the power of the sun. States of mind which are four in number are distinguished as for four unique stages using the ascent from the cave as3: A. eikasia – chained prisoners who are in the cave -- echoes and shadows; B. pistis -- prisoners who remain in the cave and are not chained -- light of fire’s artifacts; C. dianoia -- escapists from the cave – things which are perceptible and seen by sun’s light; D. noesis or episteme – those who not only see the sun but also understand the power of the sun – the sun itself Chained prisoners The prisoners are grouped by four. To begin with the chained prisoners, it is realized that they only heard echoes and saw shadows and made such echoes and shadows to be what is true and real. Unchained prisoners The unchained prisoners who are not able to be up the steep which was considered to be steep saw artifacts and fire that casted shadows on walls4. Such prisoners are said to see more clearly and correctly since they were seeing what is closer to real or more real. However, before prisoners grew accustomed to what they saw, they are forced to think the shadows are true as compared with what they were then able to see. Prisoners in the cave The prisoners, who managed to be in the cave via the rough steep wall, are said to be in day light and they are dazzled at the beginning. After the dazzling they saw shadows, reflections and perceptible things in that order5. Afterwards, they saw the sky, the moon and the stars. Prisoners who are out of the cave The prisoners who managed to be out of the cave are said to have seen the real sun or the sun as it is. After seeing the sun itself, they realized that the sun is responsible for the change of years and seasons. Such prisoners are said to have overseen everything in topos of visibility. This group of people is said to have seen all the visible; they have attained the final goal of visibility. The sun is responsible for the provision of light which is used in seeing things. This sun is viewed to be analogous to good6. The term good refers to intelligible realm of what is known and intelligence. It is clear that the sun represents the things seen and sight in visible realm. It is evidently seen that the sun gives the eyes the power to see and makes visible objects to be seen. It is therefore the good which makes people
“The form of good-in-itself” is the idea derived from Plato’s Republic making him to be recognized as a philosopher. However Plato has not said much about the idea as seen in this material. The relationship between the cave, the divided line and the sun; dramatic images that were used by Plato in coming up with the idea of form of good in itself are discussed in essence by this paper…
Plato emphasizes the need to value and uphold the rule of law. It is also significant to note that Plato tries to explicate the primary belief of political and societal justice and the importance of individual justice in a society. Plato made it clear that he disliked democratic system of government of Greece.
"There is an ancient quarrel between poetry and philosophy" (Plato 242) based on a difference in perception of truth, knowledge and ideas of justice.
Wisdom is identified with self-knowledge, and Plato presents Socratic cross-examination as the fulfillment of a divine mission and therefore as a supreme act of piety.
as well as any and all key issues which are related to this subject of issue. The aim of this paper is to discuss all of this, in order to pose a more intellectual and critical understanding and viewpoint on this issue. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
There is no dissembling in this particular piece and Plato takes a firm stand and backs it with powerful arguments and sheer rhetorical bombast.
Socrates is the principle speaker in The Republic and having established (in theory) his ideal state, he rounds on the 'imitators', seeking to banish them from the state.
With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory
Plato using Socrates in The Republic argues constitutional government development in four main phases: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny. Plato/Socrates use these examples when explaining an Ideal State.
Timocracy is defined as a government ruled by people who love honor and are selected according to the degree of honor they hold in society.
One area of Plato's philosophy that has often been discussed is his views on politics and on the most suitable and best form of government. This may probably be considered as the most debatable and scandalizing area of his philosophy. In his work, Plato has explicitly stated his objection to democracy as a form of government.
among these other noble characteristics, it is no surprise how much importance Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and others ascribed to justice in the formation of a complete system of morality and an Ideal State. Plato, in fact, identifies justice not simply as something related to
The public in Athens was doubtful about democracy being an effective form of governance and in this perspective, Socrates, who appeared to be a strong critic of democracy, was defended by many who interpreted his trial as being an