Ethics in a Universalist Society - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Ethics in a Universalist Society

In addition, moral Universalists hold that once a certain behavior or conduct is seen to be wrong in a particular community or environment, the same will apply to other communities and environments regardless of circumstances in those environments. According to Gert, the theory of moral universalism has been of great essence in determination of international human rights and certain laws governing ethical conduct. For instance, the United Nations while in Geneva Convention of 1948 settled upon the needs for fair treatment of war prisoners. Moral universalism dictates that human beings have certain special rights whose breaching qualifies for immorality (Gert). Moral universalism operates under the notion that moral assessment of persons and their conducts of social governance should base on basic doctrines that not in any way discriminate against other people in the society. Moral Universalists further argue that freedom to exercise self-desires and wills constitute the basic elements of morality in the societies. ...
Download paper

Summary

Institution Date Ethical Universalism Moral universalism refers to certain philosophical ethics and codes of conduct universally accepted and endorsed in multiple societies and communities. Moral universalists argue that what one deem right in a particular environment, another person or many other people in the same environment or in another environment will view it the line of the individual’s view (Connik)…
Author : fanny69

Related Essays

ethics and society
In order for one to determine the true nature of human happiness, it is essential to take note of the function of human beings. This is so because an individual’s happiness consists of the fulfillment of the natural function, in the direction towards which his being is focused. The natural function in question should be something that is essential and unique to human beings. The rational part of the soul is as important as the spirited parts. The rational part is what is used to determine an individual’s identity. This translates to mean that the happiness of human beings is depicted in...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
"Universalist and impartialist" about Utilitarianism
The scholarly consensus as of date is that Utilitarianism is a partial system of morality and is somewhat inadequate on account of its authors’ reluctance to front up to complexities of ethics. Utilitarianism asserts that 'It is morally good to act for the general happiness.' As this assessment is taken at face value by most, the salient critical question is ‘What is it that is morally not good,  which stands in opposition to this?’ In answering this question proponents say, ‘acting for unhappiness’. (Grote 123) Utilitarian moral philosophy thus has for its subject the ascertaining...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
ethics
The sense of and compliance with the principles of ethics is what makes man superior to all living creatures. The most convincing ethical system is utilitarianism. It is “probably the basic moral philosophy of most nonreligious humanists today’ (Harris, 2002, p. 119). Utilitarianism suggests that in any situation, one should adopt that course of action that maximizes the utility for all of the sentient beings. An action that is generally considered objectionable in normal circumstances might be the right course of action in a particular situation because the context and situation might be...
6 pages (1506 words) Assignment
Ethics
The paper will then evaluate the relation of the first situation and then the second situation in terms of the aforementioned points of view. Later on the essay will discuss the interplay of ethical principles in both cases and how they interact with each other, and the paper will end with a conclusion that sums up the whole essay. Therefore, the paper aims to discuss the specific situations of the scientists, defines the concepts of deontology and consequentialism, as well as analyzes the situations in both points of view and from that it will ascertain which scientist is right. Ethics refers...
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Ethics
A third system of ethics is the deontological theory that lays emphasis on self-rule, acts of kindness, and universal justice. The fourth ethical theory is the virtue ethics. This theory contends that morals exist internally, laying more emphasis on the production of individuals who act ethically because they are naturally good people. Utilitarianism is the fifth widely accepted system of ethics. According to this theory, utilitarianism as a theory of ethics contends that actions need to be considered as wrong or right with regards to the consequences that the actions have. The theory makes an...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Ethics
This paper evaluates the two approaches to defining “ethically bad life”: deontology and teleology. The paper examines each of the two approaches in detail and identifies which of the two can best be used to identify an “ethically bad life”. The tests the thesis that teleology and the end in question is always the most important thing but it must be done on the backdrop of absolute rules. Deontology The principle of deontology asserts that what is bad and what is good is definite and made up of universal laws which define what is right and what is wrong. The foremost philosopher who...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Ethics
It also entails the study of common values, for example, natural or human rights, the significant equality of all human beings, obeying the laws of the land, and concern for safety and health (Singer 14). Ethics can help me live a better life. The role of ethics in the society is extremely significant because it is the basic standards and beliefs that make everything function properly. Ethics is included in all institutions and organizations around us whether social, political, religious, lawful, or medical. Ethics may help in improving my life by giving me comfort in knowing that I have the...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!