In addition, moral Universalists hold that once a certain behavior or conduct is seen to be wrong in a particular community or environment, the same will apply to other communities and environments regardless of circumstances in those environments. According to Gert, the theory of moral universalism has been of great essence in determination of international human rights and certain laws governing ethical conduct. For instance, the United Nations while in Geneva Convention of 1948 settled upon the needs for fair treatment of war prisoners. Moral universalism dictates that human beings have certain special rights whose breaching qualifies for immorality (Gert). Moral universalism operates under the notion that moral assessment of persons and their conducts of social governance should base on basic doctrines that not in any way discriminate against other people in the society. Moral Universalists further argue that freedom to exercise self-desires and wills constitute the basic elements of morality in the societies. Protagonists of moral universalism insist that any morally wrong behavior or accomplishment of by an individual is always within that person’s control and authority as it were before the accomplishment. Immanuel Kant and theory of Moral Universalism Kant investigates that universal moral requirements base on the standard rationality known as the categorical imperative (CI). Kant defines immorality as any circumstantial violation of categorical imperative and therefore qualifies to be irrational. Kant presentation of moral universalism intends to impact particular sense of self-respect and respect to the other human beings. According to Johnson, a moral individual has the right to make viable judgments and decisions that do not defile anyone’s freedom within the surrounding. The moral judgment arrived at by an individual should be that which any morally sane, sober, normal and reasonable adult will confer with. Kant further argues that moral universalism with rational wills acquaints individuals with autonomy. Kant argues that in order to achieve ethical sanity in our environment, the rational moral values should be determined first before any other attempt. Kant’s theory of moral universalism dictates that development of appropriate ethical values lies on the basic factors of analysis of concepts like goodwill, obligation and logical relation. Kant’s theory of moral universalism has been used to investigate behaviors of individuals in line with moral requirements (Johnson). The good will component of morality that depends upon the common sense of an individual assists particular persons in making viable moral decision that are in conformity with the laws of morality. The idea of good will in the Kant’s theory of moral universalism leads people into performing their exact outstanding moral duties and responsibilities without unnecessary breach of other peoples’ dignity. The idea of good will has been used by many personalities in executing their exact basic and righteous duties without considering other external factors. The idea of commonsense has been repeated in the societies with basic stand of nurturing peace and harmonious coexistence among individuals living in the
Institution Date Ethical Universalism Moral universalism refers to certain philosophical ethics and codes of conduct universally accepted and endorsed in multiple societies and communities. Moral universalists argue that what one deem right in a particular environment, another person or many other people in the same environment or in another environment will view it the line of the individual’s view (Connik)…
ent, health units) and logical indefinable resources. However, like a social framework, the information society has been facilitated by a group of information and communication technologies (ICT) in various aspects of society. Thus, the ethics of information must be capable to deal with as well as explain the ethical issues taking place in the latest and innovative background based on the basic values of reverence for information, its management and effective maintenance.
Kohlberg’s paradigm shares the inadequacy of contractarianism, Kohlberg (1978) is a universalist and therefore a recognizably ethical moral framework that shares with contractarianism the drawbacks of a problematic, a priority rationality in terms of its exclusively ethical judgments.
The information on the interlock between technology, society and ethics, is crucial in understanding the impacts of technological advancement and strategies that can be applied in minimizing them. This paper discusses the sociological aspects of technology in relation to the five questions derived from Winston and Edelbach’s book on Society, ethics and technology.
The most important characteristics that portray the ultimate good are that it is self-sufficient, complete and continuous. This particular good towards which all human actions explicitly or implicitly aim, is termed as happiness (eudaimonia). Aristotle has also expounded this to mean blessedness or living well, of which this is a continuous type of activity.
"Universalist and impartialist" about Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is often said to be a ‘universalist’ and ‘impartialist’ theory. Back up your claims with reasons. While Utilitarianism as a practical philosophy can find application in affairs of democratic policy making and economics, its stature are a satisfactory system of morality is contested.
However, different philosophers would tend to argue that not every practice leads to an improved human life. Using abortion and sterilization as examples, doctors might argue that they are necessary to save the life of the
In other words, its main objective is to expound on human conduct, as well as human values. Ethical life, on the other hand, involves observing ethical ways as part of the society. It involves the observance of norms and customs that belong to a specific
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