Though both seem to represent similar ideas, they are different in some ways which will be discussed in the paper.
Plato is of the view that knowledge is not acquired through sense experience; individuals are born with platonic ideas or forms (Popkin and Stroll, 225). These ideas are contained in the soul which exists prior to birth. To gain real knowledge, the soul has to recall platonic ideas. Plato assumes that children forget the knowledge they already have at birth and therefore, must regain consciousness and recall it. The knowledge recalled is the only true or certain knowledge since the knowledge acquired through sense experience is deceiving and uncertain. For him, the body is empty as it cannot access abstract reality of the world but only shadows (Robinson, 86). The soul and body are distinct but temporarily united until death where the soul leaves to occupy another body. He also observes that the forms or objects of knowledge are eternal, necessary and unchanging (Popkin & Stroll, 224). For example, numbers used in mathematics or geometrical truths which depend on ideas and meanings do not change. The shadows or diagrams can change but the procedures and reasoning lead us to acquire the truth about them.
Just like Plato, he agrees that senses cannot be trusted. Whatever we see through our senses can be deceiving and therefore not certain; for example, we may mistake one thing for another especially if we view it at a distance and when it is near. Senses are deceiving to the extent that we may not be aware whether we are existing or we are dreaming of our existence and therefore, to be certain, a lot of thinking is needed (Pessin). According to Popkin and Stroll (234) Descartes discovered that the certain thing is ‘I think, therefore I am.” In his meditations, he doubted whether he had a body but had no doubt that he had a mind since a mind must be in existence for him to think. He therefore, ...
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(Plato and Descartes Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Plato and Descartes Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/512483-plato-and-descartes-theories.
The issue of the soul has always been a center of interest not only to the early philosopher but still is controversial until this time because as Glaucon had been surprised by Socrates’ statement, “Haven’t your realized that our soul is immortal and never destroyed?
The three theorists and theories included are: Plato’s Divided Line Theory, Descartes Method of Doubt, and Freud’s Psychoanalysis. The similarities and differences are demonstrated, as well as the reasoning that was used in creating each theory. Plato, Descartes, and Freud’s Take on the Posture of Reason Philosophy was birthed out of the innate longing of human nature to understand the interworking of human thought, action, and purpose.
Nevertheless, although the three sources attempt to ask analogous questions, it is essentially their manner of answering these questions that differentiate them from each other. Plato examines the notion that the real world represents an illusion within the allegory of the cave presented in The Republic.
Something that is beyond doubt is therefore assumed to be true. This was the first of its kind in philosophy, instead of sticking to the common paradigms that were the norms among his contemporaries and those who were there before him like Aristotle and Plato.
This also creates a need of a power which is practiced by the substance of human person in authority. Some of clarification by philosophers or theologians has made it evident that human person can be defined as a relationship between mind and body or soul and body.
I know, Meno, what you mean You argue that a man cannot enquire either about that which he knows, or about that which he does not know; for if he knows, he has no need to enquire; and if not, he cannot; for he does not know the very subject about which he is to enquire.2