Varieties of Materialism - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Varieties of Materialism

Materialism of the mind holds that in cases where the mental type does not match the physical type, then it is most likely that two people may possess similar type mental event unless there occurs a difference in the type of their physical events. Graham views behaviourism theory as a philosophical concept, which largely depends on the behavioural evidence to make viable conclusions about psychological situation of a person. Behavioural theory does not rely or attempt to investigate the state of mind to draw conclusive view of individual’s psychology. Proponents of behaviourism theory demand behavioural change with reference to different situations to compile clear understanding of a person’s psychology. Behaviourism differs from the theory of functionalism since the latter relies on the mind and argues that mental states like beliefs, desires, aspirations and pains are caused by the specific functional cognitive roles that they play in regions of their occurrence. Functionalists hold that pains are caused by bodily injuries to create a belief discomfort in the mind and seek possible ways of fleeing the situation. This result to anxiety and weakness accompanied by conflicting desires and failure to resolve the impasse which results to moaning and depression. ...Show more

Summary

Institution Date Varieties of materialism Materialism is a philosophical theory, which holds that the universe is mainly composed of material or physical objects. According to Egnor, mind under the concept of materialism refers to the element, part, substance or process that reasons, thinks and perceives…
Author : ywalter
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write a custom essay on your topic
"Varieties of Materialism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Find out more

Related Essays

Aristotle's ethics
Examples of moral virtues are humility, truthfulness, moderation, and generosity. On the other hand, intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. He classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Composing a Philosophy of Eating
Cardiac problems, cholesterol, diabetes, lack of self-esteem etc are some of the major obesity related physical and mental health problems. Obesity is mostly caused by the unhealthy eating habits of the people. Current generation is giving more importance to taste rather than nutrition while they cook foods in the kitchen or taking foods from restaurants.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Materialism - An Objection to Analytical Behaviourism
The theory of materialism states that any that has existence is material and that whatever is mental either has no existence or can be identified with material objects. This theory was first put forward by Thomas Hobbes who claimed that sense is what brings about materialism.
3 pages (750 words) Assignment
humanity ( i need two responses ) 500 words for each topic - 500 * 2 1000 )
There were various political philosophers to have propounded the Social Contract Theory, three of which were Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. Hobbes’ and Locke’s views on the social contract were contrary to one another because they had varying views on governance.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Philosophy of the Mind
Student’s Name Course Tutor Date Philosophy of the Mind Introduction The topic of philosophy of the mind (dualism) which is referred to as soul has over the centuries been marred by controversy. The existence of the soul has been put to question and its relation with the body has also been put to scrutiny.
4 pages (1000 words) Admission/Application Essay
Conception of the Citizen in Book Three of Politics
Politics is one such area that benefited greatly from the contributions that were made by Aristotle. In his great book, Politics, he talks about various forms of government and their relative merits and demerits. He talks at length about the roles of the different players who are a part of these political structures and provides examples for them from the ancient world.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
William James: Varieties of Religious Experience
How James distinguishes between human emotions and their religious forms Interestingly. William’s “circumscription of the topic” is not focusing on creating an outline for the subject rather it opens the minds of natural theology students to the vastness of the subject and disadvantageous of attempting to define it.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Diana Coole and Samantha Frost argue that social and political enquiry needs a new ontology which incorporates matter. Why? Wha
The two thinkers contend that new thinking about the qualities of matter and its relationships with other discourses expand the dimensions of political and social inquiry. Limitations of these discourses, in their view, relate to the inability of past researchers and philosophers to comprehend matter in terms larger than the fixed, rigid, and limited entity.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
The explanatory gap
The explanatory gap Introduction The explanatory gap is a term used in the modern philosophy by Joseph Levine in his "Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap" published in Pacific Philosophical Quarterly in 1983.  The main focus of Joseph Levine was “qualia” or consciousness, our subjective sensations of the world.  The explanatory gap in this aspect refers to mental functions such as memory, perception, emotion, and reasoning, as well as to human behavior.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Materialism and Idealism: Epicurus and Berkeley
Comparing the principles of Epicurus and George Berkeley on the acquisition of knowledge, it seems that it is more plausible, logical and practical to adopt a materialist view of knowing things. The ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus was a proponent of materialism.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Theory of Mind: Eliminative Materialism
Boring. An important reason behind comparing these three perspectives includes the claim made by eliminative theory to be the exclusive perspective that could define the nature of mind. Consequently, one of the most dominant points to be focused on includes explaining the nature and significance of these theories while elucidating the functions of perception during the mind’s entering into interaction with the physical, natural and social phenomena at large.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Templeton Essay
The notion of science does not necessarily eradicate the beliefs of people. However, Shermer suggests that if we were to push science further and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Kants
This means that actions done from a sense of duty naturally follow the law and this makes one realize that the law is universal. Moreover, according to Kant, “Duty is the necessity
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT