StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one) - Research Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one)

These theories have in turn been relied upon heavily in determining the parameters of ethical and moral conduct across different cultures and under different circumstances. These theories draw from the ideas of great moral philosophers like John Stuart Mill, Immanuel Kant, David Hume among others. Hume vs Kant vs Mill: Their different views on ethics and morality. By giving their views, all moral philosophers aim at describing the best standard of moral and ethical conduct. However, there normally arises a dilemma on which ethical theory should be applied because of the variations in how different philosophers view ethics and morality. These variations raise important questions in the approach to ethical problems and one of the key questions is the question of absolute good or relative good. Mill for example, takes a utilitarian view to ethics and morality. From such a view, the moral worth of human actions are determined by their resultant outcome (Shaw 32). Mill’s view of ethics and morality maximises overall pleasure by all available means. This means that the nature of an action is not a major issue of concern but its final outcome. This view therefore gives room for the breaking of some moral rules if this breaking increases happiness. Its main advantage is that it allows actions to be judged in a way that yields fairness to the greatest population. For example, it is unlawful, unethical and morally unjustifiable to kill another person. However, utilitarianism allows for the breaking of this rule in the case of self-defence either by civilians or police officers facing a dangerous criminal. Killing one dangerous criminal is less painful that one dangerous criminal killing many people. This action maximises happiness. In summary, this view of ethics and morality argues that the end justifies the means. Such a view of ethics and morality therefore considers the relative good of actions and not their absolute good. It avoids judgement of actions from extremists’ point of view which in many cases, leads to the suffering of many people. Its main disadvantage is that it does not consider the nature of human actions or the intentions behind them hence it can be used as a justification for wrong doings by some people. Kant holds to an opposing view to Mill in regard ethics and morality. According to Kant, the nature and not the result of human actions determine their moral worth. He argued that a good will is the only good thing and therefore, the will or the motive of the actor is the only factor that determines the moral worth of an action (Kant 97). This is a deontological view whereby ethical and moral actions are seen as the duty or obligations of every person towards other members of the society. The advantage of this view lies in its fairness. That is, human actions are judged depending on the extend to which they adhere to existing moral and ethical rules. It considers the absolute goodness of human actions hence it does not give room for the breaking of some rules. The main disadvantage to such a view is that it does not consider the role played by external pressures/factors in driving human actions. For example, no one can wait to be slaughtered like a sheep by another person holding a knife. The reaction will be to defend oneself by all means including hitting the attacker. If it happens that they die, the person who killed should be let free because they never intended to kill. The disadvantage of this ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one) Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/philosophy/51870-modern-ethical-theory-or-pragmatism-choose-one
(Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( Choose One) Research Paper)
https://studentshare.net/philosophy/51870-modern-ethical-theory-or-pragmatism-choose-one.
“Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( Choose One) Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/51870-modern-ethical-theory-or-pragmatism-choose-one.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Modern Ethical Theory Philosophy makes a proper study and evaluation of human conduct and this is done in the light of moral principles. These principles may be viewed either as a body of duties and obligations that a society requires of its members or the standard of conduct that people have constructed for themselves…
Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one)
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one)"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Choose One
The present business environment is characterized by high instability and turbulence. As a result of that, minor flaws on the part of the company or sluggish business process can dislodge their market position. In such cases, companies are left with no choice but to implement information technology in their operation system as a tool for streaming the business process.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Choose one from the instruction
Many legal activities that exist in a society have consequential causes to the people living in the society depending on legal institutions’ decision regarding them. These activities may lie in fields that deal with property, contract, torts, crimes or justice cases.
9 pages (2250 words) Research Paper
Choose one of the following readings from the course textbook
The results were shockingly disturbing, they revealed that an average human would obey a lawful authority and would follow his orders to cause harm to an innocent person. His research analyzed as to why
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
One personal ethical issue and one corporate
A25). The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has been rated as the most corrupt corporation in the world (Ajayi, 2011, p.A8). Being a state owned corporation that is entrusted with the duty of controlling the oil revenues, it
1 pages (250 words) Research Paper
Choose One
In such cases, companies are left with no choice but to implement information technology in their operation system as a tool for streaming the business process. There are several advantages of implementing information technology in an organization. One
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Choose one
Obesity has been explained to be a health situation that comes with several negative effects on people who suffer it. Mostly, obesity is not viewed by the masses as a health problem and so referring to a person with obesity as a
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Choose one
Obesity has been explained to be a health situation that comes with several negative effects on people who suffer it. Mostly, obesity is not viewed by the masses as a health problem and so referring to a person with obesity as a
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Choose One
The research is also aimed at analyzing the connectivity and logical flow between each section of the research under study. The following paper is an analysis of a research paper ‘Customer
10 pages (2500 words) Research Paper
You can choose one of these topics: The normal distribution and physics, Music and Fourier Series, The volume of the unit ball in n dimensions, Geometric Constructions in Number theory, Applications of the divergence of the harmonic series, Elimination an
Gaussians also aids in minimizing of the entropy for particular energy that mainly pertain to the conserved quadratic quantity energy of the
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
Choose one of the topics below
Renewable energy strategy is the best approach top deal with such issues. According to UK government, the use of renewable energy could achieve up to 15% energy from renewable energy sources by 2020. Renewable energy strategy could also save the economy in growing
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Modern Ethical Theory or Pragmatism ( choose one) for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us