Given this premise, he shows that the setting in which the animals work from must be considered standpoint before these animals are subjected to acts that is proven detrimental and harsh that will give rise to pain and pleasure (Singer 1989, p. 149). This provides that there must be a certain understanding of the act being done towards them like slaughtering for consumption purposes and experimentation in the medical. These acts invariably highlight that humans are superior from other species and they have the freedom to do such act since these animals are means to an end (Steinbock 1978, p. 253). The aforementioned condition shows that in order for equality to be achieved, there must be an elimination of suffering. However, Singer failed to consider that the conditions of suffering, pain and pleasure for animals is not really the same to that of humans since humans have an intrinsic capacity that animals do not have: rational thinking (Steinbock 1978, p. 254). This rational thinking gives way for humans to have a very utilitarian approach on animals (Singer 1989, p. 150). Utilitarianism tries to ensure that humans maximize the things present around them to achieve their needs and desires (Armstrong 2007, p. 2). Given this scenario, there is nothing that appears to be problematic since this only ensures that humans achieve and gain what they need like food for them survive. However, humans, in most cases, failed to understand and appreciate the findings of modern science like the consumption of alternatives to animal meat like soy beans (Singer 1989, p. 152). Since they have failed to recognize the presence of the innovations in the food industry that can mitigate the necessity to slaughter animals, they constantly resort to a very hedonistic nature of things in which the problems rise. There will be constant lavishing of animal meat and it is considered moral for some individuals under a utilitarian perspective. This is indeed true because this has been the convention of human beings for years. The maximization of the utilitarian approach allows them to use it for abuse and do not consider the effects of it. This will eventually lead to degrading of virtue ethics which are important for us to determine if our act is already morally wrong or right (Hursthouse 2006, p. 4). This presence of virtue ethics allow us to think things carefully before engaging in such actions that can be problematic because our rational thinking allows us to do so (Hursthouse 2006, p. 5). In the case of animals, there are already movements that recognize the animals’ intrinsic qualities wherein laws have been passed to protect them. If analysed carefully, this can be considered as something to be commendable since people have started to recognize that animals have capacity for feelings too and there is an attempt to clear superiority over other species (Singer 1989, p. 156). There is nothing wrong to recognize this situation. There is an attempt to clear the ambivalence between the separations of humans from other species. Since this has occurred, people have started to cross the line in order to understand further the nature of animals. Even if this has occurred, it still cannot be avoided that humans till act superior over animals and this problem is relatively the same about the problems of equality
Name Name of Professor Date Subject Are all animals equal? On the level of moral philosophy, debating about equality of animals still remains contestable and questionable. There are certain paradigms that clash each other and there is also an occurrence of certain shifting between these paradigms that give rise to further complexity about the matter…
The argument for equality among beings really isn't one for intelligence, moral capacity, physical strength or other criteria which cannot possibly be equal among species. It isn't even equal among the beings of the human group. There are many people who may be considered human only by virtue of having been born from human parents; certainly nothing else qualifies them.
It seems that he sees these as a violation of human philosophy concerning the invalidity of discrimination. The error in Singer’s argument is that he groups all animals into one category of “non-human” and states that they need to be protected from human discrimination, which neglects to address the issue of animals violating the hypothetical quality and rights of one another.
Although Thomas Jefferson at that time, had slaves, the meaning of his words cannot be interpreted based on these actions alone. His other writings also have to be considered and it is apparent from his other writings that he was man who was very much filled with moral difficulties in relation to the practice of slavery.
We should start having a sense of belongingness towards these animals to be able to stop other people from exploiting them. Several people have stood up and worked for those who are experiencing unjust, the people who helped them understood that they have duties towards the other people who need their help.
Singer also points out that equality does not necessarily mean that everyone should be treated identically, but it does mean that everyone should be treated with the same consideration. In other words, although humans may not be equal in their capacities, it doesn’t mean that just because someone is a woman or black that they are therefore less intelligent or less capable than a white male.
Quality problems arise from underuse of services, overuse of services and misuse of some services. Most of the services that are offered by the health care services are underused especially the prevention services. This has led to the rise of preventable health complications which add to the overall cost of offering healthcare services.
g relations between the animal rights struggle and people’s rights struggles as for example with Black Panthers, anti-Colonialists, and Women’s Rights movements. “My aim is to advocate that we make this mental switch in respect of our attitudes and practices towards a very
Stuart Mill draws our attention towards the basis of the gender discrimination. Our society has the system of jobs in various sectors that is totally biased in the favor of men. In every company, you will find women working under men who are holding important positions in the management.
Equality among all people regardless of race, gender or culture has been a highly discussed topic for the last couple of decades. Discrimination based on gender and color has been profoundly acknowledged in most countries and all efforts
ery being affected by an action are to be taken into account and given the same weight as the like interests of any other being” (Principle of Equality). Singer shows that equality is based on the capacity of suffering and Principle of Equality should be extended to non-human
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