Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Philosophy of Science - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Undergraduate
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 4 (1004 words)

Summary

Philosophy of Science “Philosophy of science is concerned with the assumptions, foundations methods and implications of science.” (Wikipedia) Many scientist propounded different views on philosophy of science. Among them are Wesley Salmon’s Theory of Causation, Lakatos’s “Science and pseudoscience,” etc…

Extract of sample
Philosophy of Science

Karl Popper on the other hand was the totalitarian and unadventurous proponent of positivism. Karl and Popper were the contemporaries and criticized each other’s work. The comparison on the philosophies of Kuhn and Popper following attributes are taken into consideration: 1. Differentiation between science and non science Popper opined that science is a method of trial and error. It is a method of assumption and refusal. Science is always accompanied by the group of scholars who check and criticize each other. The foundation of science is its rationality. The openness to criticism should be converted into the willingness of scientists to falsify their theory. Kuhn on the other hand differentiated science and non science through paradigms. Science takes place where there is a major paradigm and non science appears due to lack of dominant paradigm. Thus Kuhn talks about infantile science without a dominant paradigm and a normal science or matured science with a dominant paradigm. He took paradigm as a basic accomplishment which includes both theory and a very good application to the results of observations and experiments. It is very important to keep in mind that though Kuhn differentiated between science and non science through paradigms his differentiation was never based on objectivity. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Defining Philosophy Essay
While this definition provides a general understanding of philosophy, it is necessary to consider philosophy’s evolution in terms of schools of thought to properly encapsulate its essence. In these regards, it is perhaps most appropriate to start with ancient Greek philosophy, as it is here that the term philos (knowledge) first emerged. Within Greek philosophy there emerged three major schools – pre-Socratic, the middle period, and finally the Hellenistic era. Among these the most significant era was the middle period where texts by Plato and Aristotle functioned to investigate many of…
3 pages (753 words)
Philosophy of Science Essay
This is because, according to advocates of induction as the basis of science, one must begin an experiment and hypothesis formation by evaluating all available evidence before forming a hypothesis. Hempel points out that this is impossible, because all available evidence means everything that ever could be known about anything, and gaining that kind of knowledge before even starting an experiment is obviously impossible. Even if one weakens this statement to “one should gather all relevant evidence before forming a hypothesis,” logic still does not support this kind of induction, because…
3 pages (753 words)
Philosophy Essay
It is therefore there could not be any possibility of comparing the level of deprivations between the two culturally and economically pole-apart zones of the globe. The rich nations, according to the author, spend millions of dollars in feeding their pets, while they are unable to realize the bitter fact that by doing so, they are adding their share in respect of depriving the millions of humans of adequate food and proper nutrition. Although, the animals should not be deprived of the food, yet humans must be considered at first stance in order to make the world healthy, productive and…
4 pages (1004 words)
Philosophy Essay on Soul
Plato’s Phaedo and Descartes’ Meditations have the potential to clarify these issues. Both works emphasize the immortality and inseparability of soul from body and suggest that the presence of thinking capabilities is just enough for an individual to exist. Consequently, it is possible to assume that Lieutenant Commander Data does have a soul, as long as it is inseparable from his essence and being and manifests through his ability to think critically about the world. Plato’s Phaedo is rightly considered as one of the most famous philosophic dialogues about the nature of the human being…
3 pages (753 words)
Ancient Greek Philosophy Essay
The dialectic method of enquiry can be considered Socrates’ most lasting contribution to Western philosophy, which tended mostly to be applied when dealing with moral matters such as what was good and just within the society. The dialectic method, which Socrates used, was first described by Plato when he stated that in order to solve a problem; this problem would be split into a series of questions the answers to which would eventually create a logical solution (McCall 1935 – 1936). The scientific method that is used today is heavily influenced by Socrates’ dialectic method of enquiry…
3 pages (753 words)
Indian Philosophy. What Is Indian Philosophy?
The main consideration is that, the practical drive of Indian Philosophy is motivated by the view that human life is full of suffering. Human beings suffer in their journey to realize actual truth about their life. Despite of many sufferings, Indian philosophy brings into light the importance of worship and meditation to achieve peace and liberty provided by the Supreme Being. Indian philosophy is strongly spiritual and emphasizes the need of realizing the truth about life. The philosophy aims at achieving the knowledge of truth. It helps human beings to attain instinctive vision of reality…
4 pages (1004 words)