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Rationalism (Rene Descartes) and Empiricism (David Hume).
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Like all things in life, people are bound to differ on certain issues. It is not possible for it to be the case that everyone would agree on a particular issue. Philosophy is a veritable vehicle that provides the platform for people to express themselves, by giving the premises that led to their conclusions.
For example, in philosophy, there are two contrastive schools of thought; while one gives premium to reason, the other gives premium to experience. The first school of thought that gives premium to reason is the rationalist school of thought. The second school of thought is the empiricist school. While the major proponent for rationalism is Rene Descartes, the major proponent of empiricism is David Hume. Lacey (286) states that rationalism is “any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification.” Instead of appealing to emotions and their sensory organs, rationalists appeal to the intellect. Like all things, there are extremes in rationalism. While the opinion of some rationalists tends to fall largely in line with empiricism, meaning that they share many links with empiricism; the opinion of others see no reasons with empiricism at all. The former category of rationalists is not absolute in the beliefs they hold about the power of reason. The latter category of rationalists is of those that may safely be described as extreme rationalist. They are the ones that believe that all things can be resolved through reasoning. Howbeit, the irony is that Gottfried Leibniz and Baruch Spinoza who are often hailed as the Cartesian rationalists largely depart for rationalism as established by Descartes. Both of them, based on their philosophy can be thought of more as empiricists than as rationalists (Audi 772), although they both hailed the power of reason. ...
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