Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Rationalism (Rene Descartes) and Empiricism (David Hume). - Essay Example

Author : jakayla69
Download 1

Summary

From this research it is clear that people are bound to differ on certain issues. It is not possible that everyone would agree on a particular issue. Philosophy is a veritable vehicle that provides the platform for people to express themselves, by giving the premises that led to their conclusions…

Extract of sample
Rationalism (Rene Descartes) and Empiricism (David Hume).

According to the research findings there are two contrastive schools of thought; while one gives premium to reason, the other gives premium to experience. The first school of thought that gives premium to reason is the rationalist school of thought. The second school of thought is the empiricist school. While the major proponent for rationalism is Rene Descartes, the major proponent of empiricism is David Hume. Lacey states that rationalism is “any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification.” Instead of appealing to emotions and their sensory organs, rationalists appeal to the intellect. Like all things, there are extremes in rationalism. While the opinion of some rationalists tends to fall largely in line with empiricism, meaning that they share many links with empiricism; the opinion of others see no reasons with empiricism at all. The former category of rationalists is not absolute in the beliefs they hold about the power of reason. The latter category of rationalists is of those that may safely be described as extreme rationalist. They are the ones that believe that all things can be resolved through reasoning. Although, empiricism as a philosophy has already been broached in this essay, it is yet important to explain further. Unlike rationalism which states that most truths and ideas can be attained mainly through reason, empiricism states that all ideas, knowledge and truths can be attained through experience and what can be sensed by using human senses. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Ontological argument - Rene Descartes
The researcher is determined to critically analyze Descartes’ Ontological Argument in the light of the doctrines articulated by Avicenna, St. Anselm and Nietzsche by the authors including Roger Ariew, John Hawthorne, John M. DePoe and Oppenheimer & Zalta. Since it is a basic research in nature and scope, the researcher will seek support from the material discussing the philosophy of the Medieval and Classical Eras, where the paper will examine the existence of Ontological Argument in ancient times and influence of the Descartes’ doctrine on the future philosophers. One of the most…
14 pages (3514 words)
Medieval Philosophy / History
The courses that I am petitioning for in this narrative are as follows: Philosophy 309, History of Western Philosophy I: Ancient to Medieval and Philosophy 310: Modern Philosophy. In 1980, I began my transition to Christianity. My interest in Christianity began when I started to contemplate my mixed emotions on my military experiences; particularly how to come to terms with life and death on the battlefield. I felt that I needed answers and needed to believe that all was not lost. I began to seek answers from Christianity. During this period of transition, I sought to discover my purpose in…
4 pages (1004 words)
The views of Descartes on Rationalism
Descartes’ meditations are pegged on his rational mind, which led him to discover the truth independently of the experience via innate ideas. He argues that there are many things that he accepted as truth in his childhood. Descartes refuted his childish and youthful beliefs and sought to build his ideas afresh. He used a methodological approach to handle issues that nagged his mind. He is quoted as saying that “some thoughts within him were as due to his power of thinking.” In applying these thoughts in ideas of notion, he was able to distinguish them from others. In his first…
4 pages (1004 words)
Rationalism and Empiricism
Empiricism after Hume’s philosophy, however, requires an a posteriori knowledge apart from analytical endeavor for such theory posits that matters of fact in the world may only be ascertained by perceiving through the senses. In the light of an empirical attempt for one to obtain certainty with truths that may be contingent, Hume necessitates engagement with observations wherein an observer becomes capable of designating philosophical connections with contiguity and identity of objects [2]. _____________________ 1. “Rationalism – Rene Descartes.” 2012. Web.…
3 pages (753 words)
Philosophical Skepticism, Existence of God, Knowledge and Metaphysics
Descartes made it evident to the scientific researchers that the basis of finding the truth is doubt. Within the context of skepticism and doubting for finding the truth, the phrase becomes easy to understand. It shows that Descartes doubted his thinking ability which is the proof of his presence and existence. In other words, it could be said that if one is longing to find out about his own existence then it is the proof that he is alive because he is skeptical of his existence. In addition to the understanding of the phrase, it is important to understand the way Descartes has implied his…
6 pages (1506 words)
Defense Paper: David Hume
Every person has his own perception of the world, thus, he/she may have his/her own experience. Hume states that we all have our own views and there are no two views which are actually the same. From here Hume derives his attitude towards scientific knowledge. His view of knowledge also raised indignation and misunderstanding among scholars as the philosopher stated that there is nothing certain in our world. This statement calls all the scientific discoveries into question. Thus, the question is how we should understand Hume. The given paper will try to prove that David Hume is right and…
4 pages (1004 words)
David Hume
om senses, and also not from rational thought. Instead, according to Hume, the idea of self comes from imagination. In turn, imagination stems from causation and memory. To this effect, Hume is of the persuasion that the sole question concerning the creation of self identity is how the elements [contiguity and causation] combine so as to produce the uninterrupted idea of self. In regard to the above, Hume’s intended to mean that ideas are fundamentally ancillary to impressions, including sensory perceptions. In this case, Hume intends to mean that the impressions are the acquired, the…
7 pages (1757 words)