John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism

He argues that the principle of utility should be seen as a tool for promoting general happiness. Most of our actions, according to him, should be judged according to this principle. In his illustration of the utility theory, Mill thinks that we should appeal to the principle of utility only when we face a moral dilemma between two secondary principles. The basic assumption of the utilitarian theory, as advocated by Mill, is that "we should each act so as to promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people." These important ethical views of Mill can be applied in almost all fields of our lives. That is, a utilitarian advocate may judge any act or behavior according to the amount of happiness or sadness it will produce for the greatest number of people. While this seems a claim that would be approved by all people, the question that emerges here is: "who are the persons to whom the actions should promote happiness?" According to the utilitarian theory, in order for any action to be right and ethical, it should promote happiness to the maximum number of people involved (Cain). ...Show more

Summary

John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) was one of the most influential liberal thinkers of the 19th century. He was an advocate of utilitarianism, which states that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness" ("The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy")…
Author : qgrant
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write a custom essay on your topic
"John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Find out more

Related Essays

John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism and Pleasure.
Utilitarianism is often summarized as “the greatest good for the greatest number” being used to calculate the moral correctness of an action, decision, or policy for both individuals and society on a common standard. Utilitarianism ideally judges actions based upon their outcome in producing the greatest happiness or pleasure for the greatest number of people, and therefore the ‘utility’ of an action can be calculated through its use in the production of the social good.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873).
Mill and Bentham Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) are the two historical figures most closely associated with the philosophy of Utilitarianism, which seeks to ground moral reasoning in a calculation of utility by judging actions on the basis of the degree of goodness, happiness, and pleasure that they produce socially or personally through situational results.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Discussion Paper on Utilitarian Theory and Duty Oriented Theory
Utilitarianism can be further subdivided into two sections which are differentiated on the basis of general application and specific event application (Mill). Act Utilitarianism: - Act utilitarianism states that our duty on any specific occasion is to act in a way that will produce greater total good and better consequences than what any other act will produce.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Comparing Philosophical Positions of Kant and of John Stuart Mill
In the modern global context it is very important to be aware of philosophical ideas of the leading philosophers. Many ideas of famous philosophers are the basic for many modern scholars’ theories. Different analyses are made through the prism of these ideas.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Environmental issues.
Environmental issues and crises have raised ethical, religious, anthropocentric, bio-centric and Theo-centric debates over man’s treatment of the environment. Environmentalists, egoists, and philosophers have tried to unearth human connectedness to nature from spiritual and secular traditions.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hinduism
The religion draws other beliefs from the religion’s philosophies and concepts. One of these beliefs is the belief in reincarnation. According to this philosophical concept, Hindus belief that after the biological death of a person, the soul or the spirit takes a different form, beginning a new life in a new form, that could be another human being, animal or spiritual being (Fowler 10).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
arguments for and against the existence of god
598). Atheism is therefore the converse of theism by totally debunking the idea of theistic views concerning the existence of God. Hence, the idea
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT