Name Instructor Course Date Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle viewed ethical theory as a discipline distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must be in line with its subject matter or good action. It is significant to note that people study ethics in order to upgrade and improve their lives; therefore, its major concern is about the nature of human well being…
He asserts that what we require, in order to live well, is maximum appreciation of the manner in which such goods as pleasure, friendship, virtue, wealth, and honor match together as a whole. In order to apply that general comprehension to particular situations, we must acquire, through significant habits and upbringing, the ability to view each occasion, which course of behavior or action is best backed by reason. Thus, practical wisdom and knowledge as Aristotle understands it, cannot be acquired by solely learning general rules. Human beings must acquire them through practice, social and emotional skills that ensure that we put our general comprehension of well being into practice in manners that are suitable to each occasion or situation. In his book 9 chapter eight, Aristotle explores the necessity of friendship in life of human beings. He argues that some people believe that when fortune is kind to them, they do not see the need of having friends, which according to Aristotle is irrational thinking that expresses human selfishness. It is a disputed case whether a happy man requires friends or not. It is argued that those who are supremely self-sufficient and happy have no need of having friends for they posses things that are good and therefore being happy and self sufficient they need nothing further. On the other hand, a friend is another self which man is unable to provide by his own efforts. Aristotle argued that it seems weird when one gives all good things to a happy and self-sufficient man, not to give friends, who are viewed as the greatest of external goods. And if it is more plausible of a friend to do well by another person or man than to be well done by, and to bestow rewards is a characteristic of the good man and of virtue and it is rational and nobler to do well by friends than by unknown individuals or strangers. Therefore, the good man will need people for them to prosper and do well in their lives. This situation propels us to ask whether we need, friends in adversity or for success/prosperity, on the assumption that a man in adversity requires people to give rewards on him, and those who are successful need people to be more successful than they are. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics tries to explain the system of principles contained in men and how they affect the society. A dynamic debate arises with a question of whether a man has a duty to love oneself most or someone else. People criticizes those who are most lovers of themselves by calling them self-lovers and tend to consider good men who act for honor’s sake, friend’s sake and endures his own interest. But facts conflicts with these arguments where it is said by men that, one should love best one’s best friend of which man in this case, is his own best friend and ought to love himself more. It is suggested that, possibly if those self-lover would act justly and temperately in assigning themselves the great share of wealth, bodily pleasures and integrity, then no one would blame them. Such people would therefore differentiate themselves from other self-lovers by striving towards what is noble and straining to do noblest deeds. This suggestion therefore, shows that a good man ought to be a lover of self. A complex question is moved to a ...
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Examples of moral virtues are humility, truthfulness, moderation, and generosity. On the other hand, intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. He classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
Friendship is the union of two or more person in mutual affection, love, care and remembrance of each other. The notion of friendship is deeply imbedded inside Greek and ancient philosophy and from time to time different philosophers have explored the dynamics of friendship in different manner (Eterovich, p23).
Plato’s criticism of democracy is of the direct and unchecked democracy of Ancient Athens (557a-564a). Plato fears that democracy leads to an excess of freedom, which refers to the carefree state of doing whatever one likes. This kind of conception undermines the authority and purpose of the state, which is to limit the freedom of individuals with respect to what they can and cannot do.
Intellectual virtues are those personality traits that are required for correct thinking and desired action. Aristotle classified intellectual virtues as productive such as craft knowledge, theoretical such as wisdom and mind and lastly practical such as practical prudence.
Such, having the right quantity, including moral qualities, is to be desired and this can only be acquired through temperance. Temperance in everything should be exercised because this is wise and anything that is deficient and excessive should be avoided for this destroys temperance and the preservation of the mean.
According to Aristotle, men and women were created in different ways not only at a physical level but also at a mental level, so that women looked and thought in different ways from men and vice versa. According to him, the differences between men and women are attributed to nature and gods, which upon realizing the need for these differences had ordained that they manifest themselves as they did.
The theme of his theory was to explore ways in which men should best live based on their virtues. His philosophy contemplated on contemplation about good living and how to create good living (Aristotle 18). Ethics by Aristotle was more practical rather than theoretical.
The treatise broadly and holistically pertains to humans about themselves and their actions and their relationships with other humans and society. In this work, Aristotle defines ethics as the art of living well. As opposed to later philosophical treatises in Western discourse, the Nicomachean Ethics is not an attempt of morals of what man should and should not do, and what those "dos and don'ts" are, but rather an explanation or model for cultivation of ones own virtues and excellence.
On the other hand, Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics outlined men aims at a certain good.
Plato's symposium occurs at Agathon's party, attended by men of different interests. Here, thay decide to give praises to Eros, the God of love, as it has been proposed that there are praises and songs for all the gods, yet none have been made for Eros.
The central notion in Aristotle's ethics is the good life. Everything that people do, and everything that happens to them, is of ethical significance, as Aristotle conceives of ethics, insofar as it helps or hinders or is part of the good life. An act or occurrence may matter ethically even if it is involuntary; it will not then deserve praise or blame, but it may affect the value of life.
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