A. The Problem on the Concept of God
In order to maintain consistency and succinctness in my discussion, I like to begin this part by properly defining atheism. According to an online article of BBC entitled Atheism at a Glance, atheism is defined as the disbelief in God. The disbelief is a free act of the intellect that bases its conclusion on the impossibility and illogicality of God’s concept. Thus, from a metaphysical standpoint, God is not because his concept cannot exist.
The intellect is able to prove the existence of a being based on intelligible proofs. For example, in proving that there is an apple, the self judges based on a unique concept of apple—the redness of its color and its distinct taste—which comes from actual human experience. In the case of God, theists use various conceptual proofs to prove the existence of God, mainly coming from biblical positions and logical argumentations. For this matter, I wish to underscore the two main logical arguments used for the existence of God—(1) the ontological argument; and (2) the first cause—and highlight the fallacies committed by each one.
The ontological argument, as highlighted in an online article entitled Ontological Arguments by Graham Oppy, claims the existence of God by stating that God is that than which no greater can be conceived. If God is that than which no greater can be conceived then there is nothing greater than God that can be imagined. There is nothing greater than God that can be imaged. If God does not exist then there is something greater than God that can be imaged. ...