Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Atheism: Defending its Basic Principles - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Pages 4 (1004 words)


In this essay, I wish to defend atheism on two basic principles: firstly, the problem on the concept of God; and secondly, the morality of existentialistic thinking…

Extract of sample
Atheism: Defending its Basic Principles

A. The Problem on the Concept of God
In order to maintain consistency and succinctness in my discussion, I like to begin this part by properly defining atheism. According to an online article of BBC entitled Atheism at a Glance, atheism is defined as the disbelief in God. The disbelief is a free act of the intellect that bases its conclusion on the impossibility and illogicality of God’s concept. Thus, from a metaphysical standpoint, God is not because his concept cannot exist.
The intellect is able to prove the existence of a being based on intelligible proofs. For example, in proving that there is an apple, the self judges based on a unique concept of apple—the redness of its color and its distinct taste—which comes from actual human experience. In the case of God, theists use various conceptual proofs to prove the existence of God, mainly coming from biblical positions and logical argumentations. For this matter, I wish to underscore the two main logical arguments used for the existence of God—(1) the ontological argument; and (2) the first cause—and highlight the fallacies committed by each one.
The ontological argument, as highlighted in an online article entitled Ontological Arguments by Graham Oppy, claims the existence of God by stating that God is that than which no greater can be conceived. If God is that than which no greater can be conceived then there is nothing greater than God that can be imagined. There is nothing greater than God that can be imaged. If God does not exist then there is something greater than God that can be imaged. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Defending Descarter's Cogito Ergo Sum
Hence, we should, I think, recognize that it is possible, to a certain extent, to think of things, which certainly do not have a physical form. The justification for my argument is grounded mainly on Descartes’s Meditations. He decisively focused on the argument, as seen in the beginning of Meditations on First Philosophy, confidently carved the independent realms of religion and reason, and trusted that his effort would discreetly, but determinedly, re-establish reason to its legitimate place (Sarkar 2003). However, there are detractors of Descartes’s ‘cogito ergo sum’ (I think,…
3 pages (753 words)
Atheism and Communism
Similarly, communism is a socioeconomic and political term, which also seeks unity and cohesion among the members of society by denouncing any possibility of class discrimination culture. The paper also explores the differences between the two notions under investigation by declaring that a large majority of the communists follows one faith or the other, and hence does not disassociate it with spiritual belief system altogether. However, it is fact that the Christians, Muslims and Hindus are also the followers of communist politico-economic system. Consequently, atheism and communism serve as…
7 pages (1757 words)
On Consciousness: Understanding John Searle's Basic Teachings
However, Searle points out that consciousness differs from other biological phenomena since it has a subjective or first-person ontology. With this, Searle asserts that a conscious state is not a separate entity from a physical state, but rather a state where the brain is in. Through this reasoning Searle is able to deny the concepts of duality (separation of soul from the body) and materialism (no material but only spiritual). Jean Searle’s concept of biological naturalism is unique in a sense that it marries physicality and spirituality in defining the nature of consciousness. This is…
6 pages (1506 words)
explaining and evaluate principles
Second, the necessity of checks and balance, again with the end view to avoid or thwart tyranny that the people must give its consent on important matters of governance. We can take an extreme case as an example to illustrate this point such as leaders cannot just do whatever they want with the governed such as throwing anybody in jail they dislike or disagree with. The political liberties (including physical liberties) of the people must be ensured for a leader to govern. If a government or leader will do the example such as illegally detaining people it do not like or disagreed with, then it…
4 pages (1004 words)
Scant credibility need be attributed to any denial of such interpretation, due to these wishes being chiefly unconscious (Vitz, 1999). However, some scholars had contended that religion must be comprehended on the basis of the conditions responsible for its origin. These were the outcome of economic, political and social forces, as these factors effected human alienation at any specific location and period. Religion had been deeply challenged by Karl Marx. It was his contention that religion was a symptom that became an integral component of the corrupt social and political order, and that it…
Kohlbergs Principles of Ethics
Lawrence Kohlberg was one of the first serious thinkers to study and know about a person's ability to deal with ethical issues which could develop in later life and also whether education could affect that development (Source: Can Ethics Be Taught).…
4 pages (1004 words)