Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice

Rawls’s theory has an historical root from social contract tradition that is associated with Thomas John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Traditional social contract theory addresses a state of nature that describes the content of a social contract which is an agreement to enter civil society. Distributive justice deals with the questions of distribution of liberties, wealth, and income (Rawls, 2003) According to Rawls there are two principles that are supposed to govern the basic makeup of a just society are the parties to the original position: an imaginary circumstance which specially constructed by a rational individual. The principles are (a) the principle of equal liberty and social justice where each individual has equal claim to adequate basic rights and liberties. In this system there are equal political liberties with guaranteed fair share. (b) The difference principle: there are social and economic inequalities that are attached to positions which are open to all under conditions of equal opportunity, and they are to benefit even the least advantaged member in the society (Rawls, 2003). According to this principle, an inequality can benefit the person who gets the smaller share. Inequalities can form incentives which increase the size to shared, so that the smaller piece may be larger in absolute terms. ...Show more

Summary

Name; Course; Lecturer; Date; Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice: Justice as Fairness In his book, A Theory of Justice, John Rawls exploits the values of ethics and political philosophies that affect us in our daily lives. He tackles the problem of distributive justice through the utilization of a variant of social justice…
Author : schimmelsydney
Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
Owing to the stage of cancer and unfortunate diagnosis, Todd Krampitz was given a low ranking on the UNOS wait list. Since Krampitz was a successful businessman, his family and friends were able to launch a nationwide media campaign to find a suitable liver donor (Vogel, 2007).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Critically evaluate Nozick's response to Rawls's theory of justice
However, Robert Nozick’s response to Rawls’ theory of justice, as established in Nozick’s book Anarchy, State, and Utopia, offer a convincing explanation of the full range of possibilities for contemporary liberal democracies on the topic of justice.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Distributive Justice
The two related issues that are debated in distributive justice are the amount of means to be distributed and the degree of intervention of the state for its distribution. The degree of state intervention may vary according to the distribution of the material goods.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Theories of Justice (Nozick's theory of distributive justice, compared to Rawls )
The goal of the Justice System is to try to resolve and satisfy all these issues for the members of society. Injustice can result in disappointment, or rebellion. The different spheres articulate the principles of justice and fairness in their own manner resulting in different kinds and concepts of justice.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Ethics of New Yorks Smoking Ban
Likely, there is more bad than good and if that is true, the ban is ethical. Libertarian - Ethical. Although the smoker is engaging in the use of a legal product, the smoke takes away the freedom of the presumed majority as they must choose to either embrace the harmful second-hand smoke or leave the establishment.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Social And Economic Justice Theory
At the same time he should not be made to suffer due to any of his weakness not borne out of his own fault. This study will go into theoretical concepts propounded by the legendary philosophers and identify the one best fitted to guarantee an individual's dignity encompassing his rights as well his strengths and weaknesses as mentioned above.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Rawls Theory of Justice
However, Rawls in concept of distributive justice goes further in hypothesizing the justice theory under the justice as fairness. The justice as fairness has two principle to drive the following Rawlsian principles of justice the first one is that the liberty principle and the second is the difference principle.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Compare and Contrast Rawlsian and Dworkinian account of distributive justice
where each member is able to get whatever resources are available to the society without let or hindrance in the sense that some members of the same society would be given preference over them (Carens, 1981). Of course there are subtle variations and a difference of opinion in
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Distributive Justice: Access; Rationing; Futility
Generally if a patient is diagnosed with an organ failure, the concerned hospital then decides whether that organ could be replaced. If it is found to be possible, the hospital then takes the further step of helping the patient for a transplant. The
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Distributive Justice (M4C)
Ethics in the medical profession revolves around the health of the patient, but with the contradiction occasioned by the need to maintain productivity in the sector, it has become
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT