StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

In What Way, According to Rousseau, is Humanity Perverse - Essay Example

Extract of sample
In What Way, According to Rousseau, is Humanity Perverse

In these regards, Rousseau points to a number of pre-Enlightenment collectives, such as the Germanic tribes, that, he believes, were able to function in a more harmonious state as a result of their proximity to natural human instincts. German philosopher Immanuel Kant considered many of the same aspects of human nature and Enlightenment similar to Rousseau. There are varying degrees to which Kant’s celebration of the Enlightenment is inconsistent with Rousseau’s view of the perversity of humanity. Kant’s celebration of the Enlightenment is, perhaps, most inconsistent with Rousseau’s views on the perversity of humanity in terms of the beneficial social gain achieved in the move from the Medieval Ages to the Renaissance. It has been demonstrated that Rousseau rejects blanket assertions of this move as being an indictor or social progress as to an extent he believes that it perverts the natural state of humanity. This is contrasted with Kant’s perspective on Enlightenment as a clear and direct means of humanity absolving itself from its immaturity. Consider Kant’s writing, “Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another” (Kant, p. 45). To a large extent, the inconsistency between Kant and Rousseau’s perspective here can be linked to notions of intellectual modernism. While Kant has embraced the idea that intellectual and social progress operate on a linear path of enlightenment, Rousseau has resisted this concept, contending instead that it is oftentimes possible for ostensible social progress to be a perversion of humanity’s natural...
This essay has examined Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s conception of human perversity. It has further considered the extent that Rousseau’s perspective on human perversity is inconsistent with Kant’s celebration of the Enlightenment. In these contexts of understanding, it’s argued that the main inconsistency between the perspectives is in terms of micro and macro-scales of thought. On an individual scale, Rousseau rejects the Enlightenment as pure progress, while Kant embraces it as an escape for immaturity. Conversely, on a large-scale, both theorists recognize that in rejecting divine sovereignty, society can be entrusted with achieving self-governance through the social contract and categorical imperative. While Rousseau and Kant disagree on the blanket nature of social progress as achieved through the Enlightenment, to a degree it’s clear that Rousseau’s perspective on the social contract and Kant’s perspective on social mores are consistent. The divergence in understanding between Kant and Rousseau’s perspectives on human perversion and social progress are evident when considered from a larger scale. ...Show more

Summary

This essay considers Rousseau’s perspective on humanity and evaluates the extent that it is inconsistent with Kant’s celebration of the Enlightenment. For philosophers and historians, the most pronounced shift in these areas occurred in the transition between Medieval Age modes of understanding to Renaissance and Enlightenment thought…
Author : noel26
In What Way, According to Rousseau, is Humanity Perverse essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"In What Way, According to Rousseau, is Humanity Perverse"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Rousseau as 'Totalitarian Democrat'
Although the citizens have the legal permission and right to vote for their nation, but they do not generally get the opportunities to participate in the decision making process of the government affairs. In addition, according to some of the historians, in a totalitarian democracy, the economic and social activities, actions, and events are valuable as it strengthens the nation jointly and collectively.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Humanity beliefs
Philosophers’ have yearned meditated on whether human nature is primarily self-interested or if it’s not self-centered as a consideration to define human nature. Humanity is described by selflessness which is as a result of selfish desire for survival of the human race.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Political Philosophy by Rousseau
Rousseau, the prince among thinkers, thought that the collective participation of the people is necessary for creating the law of the state. He thought that to be a good citizen the person has to conduct many democratic and participatory tasks and law creation is one of them. “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains” he said (181) .
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Jean Jacques Rousseau
mile, ou l'education, along with The Educational Theory presented by him were two of the most significant accomplishments by the fellow in the field of education. Discours sur les Sciences et les Arts (Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts), an essay written by Rousseau in 1750 became his source to fame as it became a prize winning essay.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Rousseau Discussion
As the government moves to respond to the public's concerns about safety and security, there is becoming an ever-increasing concern among some citizens that the privacy of the individual is being eroded unnecessarily in the name of providing security for the whole.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
His legacy as a radical and revolutionary is perhaps best demonstrated by his most famous line, from his most important work, The Social Contract: "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains." Jean Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality, written for the Academy of Dijon in 1754, is an attempt to answer the question "What is the origin of inequality among men, and is it authorized by natural law" Rousseau discusses two types of inequality, natural or physical and moral or political.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Rousseau
No doubt Rousseau's ideal of a self-sovereign people along with the conception of democratic control over social life, informed the moral and political vision of nineteenth and twentieth century democratic mass movements, as well as non-democratic variants thereof.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Comparing Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau
Majority of contemporary political theorists consider that the state has authority in the descriptive sense. This means that the state maintains public order via creating rules and issuing commands that subjects generally
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Has humanity progressed
Although there is little doubting the fact that the humans have progressed till now, I believe that humanity has not progressed, in fact we have gone from bad to worse. We will analyze the changes shown by the humanity in light of all several
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Jean Jacques Rousseau
The social contract is also called a political contract. It is basically a contract among the members of a society. The citizens of a country or a society engage in an
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation