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Problem of Induction - Essay Example

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Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Problem of Induction Hume’s argues that there is no logical basis for taking past experiences to be relevant to present and future events. Naturally, when a person basks outside in the sun, the warmth or heat felt by the body is different considering the perceptions of the mind afterwards when the person’s imaginations will be anticipated or when he remembers this feeling in the memory (Hume 13)…
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Problem of Induction
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Problem of Induction

Human beings may however think of this, as having been caused by previous deeds and in most cases, man cannot overpower the situation. In accepting the happenings around us, it reduces the cost of imagination. Hume describes that when a body is restricted to one planet only having troubles and difficulties, the mind usually links these troubles to other planets that may not even be in existence (Hume 14). I agree because the past events do not affect the future of an individual who has an open mind set to rise above and beyond his or her limitations by learning from the past mistakes to avoid the same mistakes or to improve his or her quality of life. Ideas and thoughts will always depend on the previous attitude and feeling. There are those ideas, which can prove to be stand alone, but in the real sense closely evaluated will indicate that they too are born from the feelings before conception. However similar it may be for sounds entering the ear and colors seen by the eye are normally different in comparison. Considering this, the ideas arising from different shades are expected also to be different in nature (Hume 16). Impressions do not always give rise to ideas, however simple they may prove to be. The nature and reality of ideas has contradictions behind it. Bringing these ideas into clear vision and shading some light on them, however, can do away with this. Hume states that in the imagination of man, there is nothing that is freer. It however has power, which is unlimited to separating, mixing, dividing and compounding ideas, though it cannot go beyond the external and internal senses equipping the original ideas, and this implies to all the existing diversities of vision and fiction (Hume 34). In the world, there is nothing considered as chance. Opinion, belief and understanding are much influenced by our ignorance. Hume also states that “there is certainly a probability, that emanate as a result of superiority chances on any side; and accordingly, as this superiority rises and surpassesing the opposite chances, the probability get the same increment, and begets still a higher degree or belief or assent to that side, in which we discover the superiority” (Hume 40). Disputes on philosophy are the main blame among the methods of reasoning, to make an effort of disapproving any hypothesis, to the hazardous effects of morality and religion by pretence (Hume 67). Usually opinions made are not false, but the same opinions implemented can lead to dangerous consequences. Though the consequences of action performed casually and ignorantly by men may be questionable, men are not blamed for actions of that nature. These actions however come to an end in them alone, because they are not momentary principled. On the other hand actions performed in a hasty nature may not meet the requirements and can be faulty; men are also not blamed for them. Character in this case is also affected by hasty temper (Hume 68). Liberty however, is important to morality and no moral qualities are caused by liberty. Analogy forms the basis of all the reasoning concerned with matters of facts. This makes people believe that an event leading to some consequences will always be the reason for such consequences even in future. However, the analogy is perfect where the causes prove the same and the deduction made out of it can ... Read More
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