There have been many arguments over the centuries that either prove or disprove the existence of God. While disapprovers of God’s existence have used logical argument to prove their belief while approvers or believers of God have fallen upon emotional but not rational reasoning. …
This paper is aimed at answering the question: “Is the presence of evil in the world compatible with the existence of a benevolent God?” Problem of Evil has been one of the greatest challenges to the existence of a benevolent God. It is argued that if God is benevolent, omniscient, and omnipotent, then why does evil exists in the world. In order to do this Problem of Evil and the possible responses to it are discussed. The responses are analysed to see if they are satisfactory and allow for an existence of a benevolent God and evil.
Problem of Evil
The fact that evil continues to occur in our world contradicts or challenges the existence of a benevolent God. If God is benevolent, along with being omnipotent and omniscient, then God must be good and kind to everybody. This means there must be no evil in the world which causes enormous suffering and pain to not just humans but all living beings. But this is not true. There is evil everywhere in the world and all beings are subjected to suffering and pain. Therefore, the existence of a benevolent, omnipotent and omniscient God and the presence of evil contradict each other. A benevolent God who is also omnipotent and omniscient must not tolerate such widespread evil and must eradicate it. If God is omnipotent and omniscient but does not eradicate the evil in the world means that God is no benevolent. On the other hand, if God is benevolent but still not eradicates evil means that God is either not omnipotent or omniscient. But there are people who believe that God is benevolent at the same time acknowledging the fact that there is evil in the world. This belief is very inconsistent and many have addressed this issue. Responses to Problem of Evil There are numerous responses from theologians and believers of benevolent God to the question raised about the problem of evil. Many have tried to solve this problem and find a solution that would put the argument of ‘Problem of Evil’. There aren’t any solutions and reasons that are perfectly logical. In fact, many proposed solutions are proven to be fallacious. But at the end it all comes down to faith. Those who do not believe in God go with the argument that questions the existence of God while those who believe in a benevolent God accept that reasoning given by theologians irrespective of logical shortcomings (Mackie, 1955). Following are some of the responses by theologians and theists to ‘Problem of Evil’: Evil is Necessary as a Counterpart to Good This is one of the most popular responses that are used. For good to be present there needs to be evil. Evil is very essential for us to recognise the good that is around. Good is a counterpart to evil and the absence of one makes the other one irrelevant. The idea here is that if there was no evil then good would not make much sense. It is only with respect to evil that we can decide what is good and what is not. This can be best understood with the example of light and darkness. We can make the distinction between light and darkness only because we are aware of the two. If either one was absent, then there is no ...
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This paper will offer detailed information relating to logical and evidential problem of evil and make replies on the two arguments. The paper will also indicate my personal belief on God, morals, good and evil and the main reason that makes me to hold this believes.
In the Judaeo-Christian tradition the existence of a personal God who is absolutely good is a central tenet. He is also absolutely powerful, and the first cause of everything that exists because he created the world out of nothing.
The evil exists, therefore, an omnipotent, benevolent and omnipotent entity does not exist either. There are two arguments on the evil or problem of evil. They include logical and evidential arguments. The logical problem of evil This argument purports or tends to show a logical inconsistency between Gods existence and evil existence.
This paper explores the concept of the problem of evil. The problem of evil arises from the scope of nature that identifies conflicting theories in existence of evil. This is because a consideration of the nature of God and His power should not allow evil to prevail, or should at least be able to eliminate evil.
It is therefore particularly difficult to understand the existence of evil, a rebellious force against God’s plans, and His creation, in an environment in which God’s power is believed to be supreme. It is for example expected that as light drives away darkness, God’s power eliminate evil.
Numerous prominent philosophers have argued the absurdity of the coexistence of God and evil. Mackie is one such philosopher and his work "The Logical Problem of Evil" speaks clearly to his supposition of the nonexistence of God, primarily due to the presence of evil in the world (Aquinas 625).
d may be ethereal and unique to every individual yet there are more common factors in a definition of God across religions and cultures as compared to a definition of evil. Moreover, even the existence of evil leads to debate, since there are those who suggest that a benevolent
According to the report the Judaeo-Christian tradition the existence of a personal God who is absolutely good is a central tenet. He is absolutely powerful, and the first cause of everything that exists because he created the world out of nothing. Theologians noted that the scriptures of this religious tradition speak in quite strong terms of the existence of evil.
As a matter of fact good and evil are two different worlds which cannot exist without each other. If there were no evil people would ever know what is good and if there were no good they would never know what
To logically prove the existence of God, we will use the four different forms of the argument from evil: argument from imperfection, argument from natural evil, argument from moral evil, and argument from unbelief.
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