Descartes vs Spinoza Comparison

Descartes vs Spinoza Comparison Essay example
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Your Name Your Lecturer's Name Your Course Date Comparison of the Philosophies of Descartes & Spinoza Descartes and Spinoza are two of the earliest philosophers who propounded theories at the end of the Medieval Ages. In the period between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance of Europe, there was a strong emphasis on the reliance on revelation and religion as opposed to the reliance on science and empiricism.


Descartes states that the human being is made up of a body and a soul that are two distinct parts and relate to God and the world in different ways (2). On the other hand, Spinoza teaches that there is only one God. Spinoza identified that God could be defined by his existence or conceivability (1). This means that God exists but He has no form and human beings can only conceive Him in the natural environment. Thus human mind can only work to explain the existence of God who was inseparable from nature. Descartes' treatise suggests that the soul is separate from the body since they are supposed to perish separately (8). Descartes buttresses his point that the body is ruled by the mind. He stated that the mind is independent and separate from the body (18). It implies that the human mind is susceptible to illusions which could be true or false (Descartes 19). Descartes therefore states that there are uncertainties and limitations of the human thought (19). He asks a rhethorical question about whether the existence of God is a figment of our minds or not (19). This suggests that there is a possibility that there is no God (Descartes 24). He puts forward the possibility of an antithesis that human beings have the power to change everything around them (Descartes 24). ...
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