In Meinongan issue, there is an in-depth examination of several issues that arise in view of the connection that there are actually some things and factors which are actually non-existent. Philosophers normally seek to examine the following questions in determining if an object or certain subject is actually not existent: What is the basis or reasons for declaring that certain objects are in fact not existent? Assuming there are any nonexistent objects, what are their kinds and how are they determined? What are the criteria of the characterization of these objects as nonexistent? The position brought by fictions takes a story telling dimension. While a story teller is telling a fictional story the characters are actually his creations. As objects of his creation, a storyteller has the power to give the characters of his story qualities whose existence are not existent in the real world. The imagination of a person normally remains mere imagination. The objects just exist in abstraction. The theory of intentionality as discussed later normally tells how we can intend our mental ability to view some objects differently. It is a fact that fictional story telling is a narration full of hyperbolic instances and can be said to be an act of pretence. The fictional discourse is discussed further below. Nonexistent objects as a concept Some philosophers, for example, Hume are of the opinion that the concept of nonexistent objects is in itself a paradox1. This stems from the idea that for anything to be declared not to exist is dependent on the fact that it had been initially presupposed to have existed. Such philosophers believe in what can be termed as positive identification of objects. This is to say that we can only identify what we can prove and substantiate. We can never talk of something as nonexistent yet we do not have proof of that. Other philosophers (Kant) explain that whatever exists is actually a real predicate2. He went ahead to explain this using God’s existence as an analogy. He inferred to the existence of God out of “ontological proof”. This is out of God’s perfection in creation. He also used other qualities of God such being omnipresent to cement his argument of existence as a real predicate. Assuming that these philosophers are right, this means then that the concept of nonexistent is not real. This is because it can never be a real predicate. Proving nonexistence evidentially is impossible. This therefore draws a conclusion that the concept of nonexistent is to a greater extent a self contradictory concept. In fact some philosophers state that the concept is actually and to some extent a violation of logical semantic flow of grammar. In order to believe in the concept of nonexistent there is need to ignore to some extent the views put across by some philosophers regarding this. Here the view that is adopted depends heavily on the predicate of individuals. This is stemmed from personal conception and what views a person may be having concerning the existence or non existence of an object. For instance, this can be illustrated by sentiments such as “some white elephants do exist”. From the statement it is inferred that not all white elephants are actually in existence. There are some particular white elephants that do not exist. The idea being stressed here is that in order
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Running Head: Menongian Issue Meinongian Issue Name: Course Instructor: Course Name: Date: The Meinongan Issue; Truth in Fiction Introduction There is normally a cliche saying that the absence of evidence is never the evidence of absence. This is a background against which the existence of truth in a fiction may actually be premised upon…
It is arguable that each human being creates. It is a procedure in which an idea, no matter how big or small, is developed from the realm of the imagination to something of a reality. But a distinction along the process is made between what is bad or even average to what is beautiful and therefore sublime.
However, it may be a bit tasking to determine the fate of art and pieces of art must always endeavor to bring out the concept of existence in totality. This essay shall aim at comparing and contrasting the productions of art as well as those of nature. This shall be discussed in relation to Hegel’s ‘Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics’ focusing on the basic need for production of art.
Plato also illustrates that he has a very profound appreciation for the process of outlining. Rather than merely throwing something together in a rush and missing out on the nuances of rhetoric and interpretation that might exist, Plato discusses the fact that outlining a proper rhetorical response is a core component of seeking to create a superior product.
Name Date Professor’s Name Course Section/# Plato and a More Definitive Understanding of Art and Philosophy Within the Plato’s Republic, many definitions are put forward with regards to what can be defined as virtuous, good, and beneficial forms of art and/or artistic expression.
To agree in the judgment that the music is sad is not to agree in a belief, but in something more like a response or an experience" (Eldridge 145: 2003).It has long been recognized that human beings find a variety of visual and auditory appearances to be extremely fascinating.
If, historically, past art seemed much preoccupied with imitating the world, the art properly so-called of Beardsley 's day is avant-garde or modernist, which means that it is about imitating imitation, or representing representation, or, to put it differently, it is about exploring its own nature as a pictorial medium.
This is evident in the idea of darkness. It is believed that for Descartes, darkness is a nightmare. The opinion held here is that nothing can be learned from entering into its domain.This vision behind this philosopher's ideas was because of his personal opinion.
Majority of critics in art and literature have not only been enthralled by Plato’s views on the ‘Republic’ but also questioned on the validity of mimesis in art. Other critics have opted to understand the
Plato based his argument upon several highly subjective and controversial premises, that is; art in the republic should first be didactic with the purpose of inculcating the virtues of being a good person, those who merely seek the reflection of the forms and not the forms themselves are not artists and also most people view illusions as reality.
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