Homosexuality. Theory of Ethical Egoism and Theory of Cultural Relativism. - Essay Example

Free

Extract of sample
Homosexuality. Theory of Ethical Egoism and Theory of Cultural Relativism.

This is a form of consequentialism. As the term suggests, the reaction of a moral agent is the result of the consequences around him. To fight a particular situation requires high level decision making. The theory of ethical egoism relates honesty with relationships. The reaction of the ethical egoists may be in their individual self-interest but there is no harmful effect of this reaction on the opponents (Louis P. Pojman, 2008). Theory of Cultural Relativism Defining the theory in a to-the-point way identifies that cultural relativism means to understand different cultures in complete detail and depth. Any culture that appears intriguing to someone should be thoroughly read and comprehended before creating a final image of the culture in one’s mind. The religious norms and perceptions differ in every culture. The ideology of the nations is greatly responsible for shaping its culture. Therefore, understanding the cultures with a cold and an unbiased view is the actual way of grading the cultural aspects of a nation (Gary P. Ferraro, 2009 ). According to the sociologist William Graham Sumner “Different cultures have diverse moral codes, and the right way is the way which their ancestors used.” Cultural Relativism, has challenges our beliefs in the objectivity and universality of moral truth (Rachels?Rachels, 2010). ...
Download paper

Summary

The theory of ethical egoism implicates that the moral agents always tend to act in their own self-interests. This reaction is quite voluntary and well thought of when it comes to facing a situation that needs to make prompt decisions…
Author : pheller
Download 1

Related Essays

Relativism: Goodman's theory
Goodman’s disagreement on Matilal’s idea of pluralism that human norms differ from one society to another, one culture to another was also well founded. While in many aspect true, right and wrong is not just about common consent but unanimity. For what is agreed by many may not necessarily mean right. In addition, Matilal’s assertions have political colors considering that he is subconsciously seeking for approval and legitimacy of some of India norms which may be despicable in other cultures. Matilal’s four rubric of morality, namely, respect for life, deference to truth, abhorrence...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Ethical Theory of Karl Marx
A significant portion of the great ethical theories developed by Karl Marx, were the reflection of the social environment, and were directly related to the manner in which the society functioned during those times (Truitt, 2005). The views of Marx with regard to ethics and morality have been an issue of debate among researchers and scholars alike, since a considerable period of time. Various researchers have debated Marx's preference for ethics, and have rejected the claims suggesting that he had no ethics or morality. In fact, he is known to have developed a scientific approach, which seeks...
8 pages (2008 words) Term Paper
Ethical Theory Essay
This paper will be based on normative ethics theory. Normative theories seek to answer moral questions concerning what is right and wrong. Examples of normative theories include: virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, and utilitarian ethics among others. Examples of virtues are: confidentiality, autonomy, equality, veracity, beneficence, finality, tolerance, and respect for persons, among others. I will place a greater emphasis on virtue theory. Virtue theories have less emphasis on the rules and regulations that people should follow and mostly focus on helping individuals develop good character...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Social Contraction vs. Ethical Egoism
This theory also holds that it is alright to be this way; it is rational. However, in the real world, if everybody blindly followed their hearts desires then there would be chaos. To this situation, this theory calls for application of rationality from a different angle. This angle prescribes that people should cooperate with one another and cut down on the purely self serving pursuits. This aspect defines the social contract nature of this theory (Shafer-Landau 188). People will not live life to the fullest, but they will avoid a worse fate of being in constant upheaval with society. What...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Cultural Relativism
For example, it is considered morally wrong for a Muslim to eat pork while for person from another religion, eating pork has no negative impact on his/her morals. Cultural diversity is the variety of cultures globally and locally too. The different ways in which people dress, their religion and also their morality brings about cultural diversity. Respect for cultural diversity is when other people do not interfere or judge people from different ethnic backgrounds as theirs, or when they fail to understand why other peopled do what they do. As opposed to cultural relativism where different...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Morality&Cultural Ethical Relativism
In particular, taking into considerations the interests of others too is morally right because morality is the art of doing right to others. Therefore, sharing is imperative because it is also a moral philosophy, which can help others to benefit from something even if it is little. From the Christian philosophical perspective, self interest aspect is viewed as self love or duty to self or saving one’s soul or other aspects but this does not necessarily mean that people should refuse to share with others. Sharing is one way of fulfilling self interest since it can help in saving other people....
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Ethical Theory (Philosophy)
Unfortunately, despite of the huge popularity of ethics in academia, it has been an observation that individuals informally and even organizations formally have ignored the importance of ethics and its implementation in different procedures intentionally and/or unintentionally, which has resulted in rising of various ethical dilemmas globally. This paper is an attempt to contribute towards the similar debate regarding the role of ethics in understanding and resolving ethical dilemmas in our society. Particularly, focus of the paper will be on ethical dilemma in the business world while an...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!