It is evidently clear from the discussion that frustration has been linked to anger when an obstruction of motivationally relevant goals has been observed. In order for angry affect to occur the situation must be understood and personally important. In other words, there must be a goal that is blocked and others may be blamed. In many circumstances, the blockage of this personally relevant goal can be viewed as either legitimate or illegitimate (unfair). Weiss, Suckow, and Cropanzano investigated the effect of unfairness of a particular outcome on reported levels of anger. As the amount of unfairness increased so did the level of anger. It is important to maintain the distinct difference between anger and aggression. Anger is an affect, an emotion, while aggression is a destructive or hostile behavior. Frustration has been studied with aggression as well as with anger. Dollard et al. were some of the first researchers to investigate the effects of frustration on aggression. They found that the obstruction of an expected reward created increased levels of aggression. More recently Leonard Berkowitz and his colleagues have modified this theory. In general it is accepted that the blockage of some personally relevant goal leads to frustration, which in turn may lead to anger and/or aggression. The type of frustration required to elicit an anger response may not need to be a goal of long standing personal relevance. Roseman investigated appraisals involving emotions and concluded that transient rewards or fleeting punishments can produce anger arousing affect. Obstructions to a goal determined to be purposeful created more anger than situations in which they were deemed accidental, even in temporary situations of reward and punishment. There is evidence indicating that people may become more aggressive in a frustrating situation, specifically, when anger is primed in comparison to fear. Betsch (1999) studied the concept of hostile aggression with university students. Hostile aggression was measured by participants' reactions when confronted with a scenario involving a frustrating event. Either anger or fear related cognitions were activated. Results indicate that in the anger priming condition, hostile goals (i.e. aggression) were more likely to be reported. This suggests that frustration, anger, and aggression are associated. It is assumed that in a frustrating situation, levels of anger will increase. As reported previously, as anger increases so does the amount of aggression displayed. There are other reasons for the onset of anger and in turn aggression. One interesting aspect is the role of communication. Communication Communication is an essential part of human existence, and research suggests that there are innate mechanisms in the development of human
This paper focuses upon aggression, anger and frustration that are of particular concern among the mental health community, schools, and society at large. Many studies have determined that frustration, anger, and aggression are related, such that an increase in one is associated with an increase in the other…
People often behave in certain ways as a result of their emotional state, such as crying, fleeing, fighting, and getting angry. If one can have the emotion without the corresponding behavior, we may consider the behavior not to be essential to the emotion.
Communication is, according to Krauss and Morsella (2000), “in its elemental form, human communication may be construed as the process by which ideas contained within one mind are conveyed to others.” If the simplest form of communication start with one person and end with another then the critical question we ask ourselves is: why the conflict?
This paper begins with understanding emotion, in general, and then looks at the various ways in which anger is understood, expressed and managed. Anger: Friend or Foe? Anger is an emotion that significantly differs from other emotions (Mayne & Ambrose 354).
The universal decision to have anger therapy programs in the prison was majorly stimulated by concerns of prison management considering the elaborated and aggressive behavior of the offenders. The Home Office reported increased figures of disciplinary cases as a result of aggression and anger.
ck comedy where people or the cartoon characters getting hit, punched or attacked is intended to be funny (Basore 2008; Christakis & Zimmerman, 2007; Klinger, 2006). Such messages are highly misleading especially considering the vulnerability of the age group of the target
Looking at violence broadly, it is important to appreciate the fact that the violence may be towards others or to oneself. This paper explores this issue by looking at three television programmes by analyzing scenes of violence, both
hat human nature is evil and children are aggressive because they were born such, still it is an obvious fact for many parents that children are not born aggressive but gain hostile moods while growing up. Hence, it is important to explore those crucial factors that cause the
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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