If the intended mother has the ability to produce eggs that are fertile but is unable to carry the pregnancy then gestational surrogacy can be used. In this process, the egg of the intended mother would be removed and combined with that of the husband or a sperm from another man and finally implanted in the replacement mother. Surrogacy arrangements can be either altruistic or commercial. In altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate mother would be compensated for expenses incurred or sometimes not paid at all. On the other hand, the surrogate would be paid all expenses incurred during the entire period of the pregnancy plus a fee in commercial surrogacy. In this surrogacy, the surrogate mother and the adoptive parents come up with a commercial surrogacy contract that regulates their relationship for the entire period of the pregnancy. Criticism I disagree with Elizabeth Anderson’s claim that the autonomy of women would be promoted by banning commercial surrogacy contracts. As a matter of fact, commercial surrogacy has enabled many infertile couples in the entire world to have children. There exist few children for adoption and even the requirements for one to qualify as an adoptive parent are hard to meet. Therefore, commercial surrogacy remains the only hope for some individuals to get children and make up families. It is the only humane answer to the infertility problem. Infertility is extremely common in the world; it affects approximately one out of seven couples. This problem is likely to increase since more women are entering a time consuming workforce, and thus delay the process of giving birth to a later age when fertility challenges are exceedingly rampant (Richards 78). Consequently, adoption does not sufficiently meet the desires of infertile couples wishing to have a baby. There exist no biological link between the couple and the adopted baby; they would be forced to wait between three and seven years to adopt an infant. This has contributed to a call for another reproductive option. Moreover, abortion and the use of contraceptives have led to a serious shortage in the number of adoptable babies. If we follow Elizabeth Anderson’s argument, then we leave many infertile couples without children. Commercial surrogacy is not a practice of baby selling as Anderson argues. It is a contract to bear a child but not to sell the child. The payment to a surrogate is just a fee for the services just similar to the fees paid to doctors and lawyers for their services. The banning of commercial surrogacy will be infringing on ones constitutional right to engage into a contract freely. The society is always at peace when the liberty of its members becomes maximized. Women and the entire society benefit from the freedom of choice that would be offered through surrogacy. Since people would not be forced into the contract, they engage willingly; no one should attempt to stop them. In a rights based culture, commercial surrogacy contracts would be supported since every woman has the right to procreate. She also has the right to demand compensation for expenses incurred during the gestation period. All parties benefit in a surrogacy arrangement that is successful. The intended parents go home with a cherished child while the surrogate mother gets monetary reward for her work (Richards 71). The money the surrogate mot
Your name Criticism of Elizabeth Anderson’s claim that the Autonomy of Women will be promoted by Banning Commercial Surrogacy Contracts Introduction Surrogacy refers to a relationship where a woman on behalf of another person or a couple bears and gives birth to a child…
In the Law of Contract, the literal approach seem to be the default position for courts in terms of interpreting contracts2. However, important changes in the English legal system has caused courts to move from the mere literal approach to a more critical purposive approach3.
Surrogacy Name: Instructor: Task: Date: Abstract This paper discusses the concepts of assisted reproduction and premature infants. It notes that modern living standards and innovation have led to the availability of ideas such as assisted reproduction. It is notable that infertility is a depressing condition for couples and individuals who are suffering from the same.
According to the rules of engagement signed by the two parties, the seller was supposed to compensate the seller for any loss incurred, due to supply of defective goods. On the other hand, though, the seller should take necessary legal steps, in the event that the buyer decides to have all the previously purchased goods returned.
Surrogacy is either traditional or gestational. Traditional surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being artificially inseminated; with the intended father or donor sperm. Unlike in traditional, gestational surrogacy involves both sperm and eggs being in-vitrollary fertilized and implanted into the uterus of the surrogate.
In this context the theory does not apply to this case. Firstly the way John Leonard did. He believed that the Harrier jet was really in existence that he could win it. Mere advertisements in the media do not give rise to valid contracts. For instance there is lack of acceptance, which is more important to constitute a valid contract.
As an initial matter, the amount of commerce which takes place electronically continues to increase at significant levels. The United States Commerce Department “forecasts Internet retailing will exceed $50 billion
As a result, surrogacy has become a general practice in the modern society. However, the subject of surrogacy has elicited mixed reactions among people questioning its authenticity and legitimacy in the society. This paper will develop gender
lapping stance portrayed by different philosophies and caregivers in generating their ideas based on the relationship between the disabled studies and the medical ethics directed towards protecting the cognitively disabled moral rights and justice (Kittay & Carlson, 2010). In
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