StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Philosophy Ethics - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Philosophy Ethics

Mill explained this rule with the aid of the principle of utility. According to this principle which is also sometimes referred to as the principle of happiness, for a person to be happy himself he should consider the happiness of others to be as important as his own happiness (Mills 1867). This philosophy of happiness was further explained by John Stuart Mill with the assistance of his theories by putting forward the rules of thumb. The reason for presenting these rules was that Mill argued that a person should not misunderstand the meaning of happiness. These rules were used by him to support the theory of maximizing happiness and provide an insight into the meaning of this principle. These rules encompass the aspects of this principle to cover the features and the characteristics which should be understood about it. The rules of thumb were to be always considered to reach to a proper conclusion as to what happiness actually is. According to these rules, it is through knowledge and learning that a person actually gets to know that what act will bring about the maximum happiness. The reason behind this is that it is through awareness of the developing of humans and human nature that one can understand that what act is morally correct and will actually bring about the maximum happiness for the maximum number of people. These rules also present that a person should increase his level when thinking about happiness. That is happiness should not be restricted to certain things. A person should search for happiness in everything that surrounds him. These things can range from nature to music to history and art. That is a person should be learned and it is through his knowledge that he will be able to find happiness in all these things. An example of education can be considered here as to how much educated an individual is to know about certain facts about life. Being educated would help an individual to distinguish between the higher and lower pleasures in terms of happiness. He would understand as to which pleasures are attainable and which are not. With appropriate education the individuals are able to experience both the lower and higher forms of pleasure through which they can decide as to what they would prefer. With enough education one can know about different things existing in the world and thus individuals can then decide as to which happiness they really want. (Mills 1867; Steward & Blocker 2005). To make his theory even better understood Mill clearly presented the exceptions that implied to this rule of happiness. He explained that though acts like lying and murder are considered to be wrong under normal circumstances but these acts become acceptable under certain conditions. An example to this can be that when a person has to protect himself from a murderer he has a right to act in self defense. Another example which can be considered is a person can lie when the person has to conceal some information from someone who might misuse it and cause great harm. Mill is quoted as “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain” (Mill 1986 ii). According to the utilitarian position, it is the consequences of an act that matter the most. In this regard, John Stuart Mill who was a ...Show more


Philosophy Ethics The utilitarian thought of philosophy supports the view that an action is considered to be correct if the action brings about happiness of the greatest number of people. John Stuart Mill was a philosopher of the utilitarian idea and claimed that Rule Utilitarianism is the rule for leading a proper and a moral life…
Author : bhirthe
Philosophy Ethics essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Philosophy Ethics"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Philosophy Ethics
According to Nietzsche, master morality is based on strength and what is strong is good while that which is weak is wrong, therefore, those who have master morality are strong and have created their own morality and they judge themselves. For master morality, bad is seen as a failure and a defeat as well as loss of power (Solomon132).
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Ethics Philosophy
Mill maintains that this, "the other party," knows better than to want to and choose to exchange places with a lower being, pig or fool, basing his assertions a number of reasons. First, he says, the party that has a range of higher faculties at their disposal would not trade places with an inferior being, even given that being's range of faculties, it's "fullest allowance of pleasures." (326) Nor would the intelligent, superior party be convinced that the inferior party is better off overall, no matter how happy or how much happier-except, maybe, Mill notes, in the case of a truly miserable human who would do anything to escape his/her sufferingeven if this means lowering him/herself.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Philosophy - Introduction to Ethics
Such acts could be held to be universally true. Due to their rationality such acts yielded complete happiness. According to Kant only perfect duty held unconditional moral worth. The
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Philosophy Ethics
The paper also throws light on the ethical issues raised in human life while entering into interaction with others in everyday life. The term ethics simply stands for the rules or principles prescribed, adopted and followed by some specific group,
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Philosophy Ethics
Consequently, an act admirable in one culture and an overwhelming majority of the population follows the same, while the same rule is viewed to be condemnable and shameful in some other society. Thus, different societies observe divergent social norms,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Philosophy Ethics
The paper is also interested in developing a powerful professional code of ethics, which will not allow the corporations and organizations to violate
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Please go to this link and discuss a question with philosophy ethics and knowledge
The reason this occurs is that happiness can be synthesized. Human beings have a psychological immune system. Subsequently, this helps people to change their views of the world so they can feel
1 pages (250 words) Essay
An employee may allege that one of his colleagues sent an offensive email to the management. It can either be a true allegation or false. It should be investigated to find
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Please discuss the following question with philosophy ethics and knowledge
On the other hand, this ethical philosophical theory considers an action to wrong or immorally wrong if it results into pain, sorrow or unhappiness in the general
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Please discuss the following question with philosophy ethics and knowledge
This reply concerning moral standards of utilitarianism is largely convincing. Firstly, it is necessary to find the real meaning of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics. Utilitarianism theory holds that moral action
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation