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Sublime Revolutions: The Modern Age and Its Discontents - Research Proposal Example

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Sublime Revolutions: The Modern Age and Its Discontents

Burke argues that beauty may be brought about by either extreme darkness (absence of light) or extreme light and these are sublime to a degree that both can destroy the sight of an object. Burke further focuses on the physiological effects of the sublime and lays emphasis on dual emotional quality of attraction and fear. Immanuel Kant argues that sublime is of three kinds: splendid, terrifying and noble. Kant further argues that there is a dynamic and mathematical sublime. In mathematical, aesthetic comprehension sublime is not an aspect of mere greatness but absolute greatness which has no limitations (Morley, 19). Dynamic sublime is viewed in terms of nature. Here nature has no dominion over us and it can create as aspect of fearfulness without creating fear. Kant argues that beauty is a concept that relates to understanding while sublime is a concept which relates to reasoning and it portrays the nature of the mind as that surpassing any standard of sense. Being based on the teachings of Burke and Kant, this paper will analyze various theoretical frameworks of the sublime as they have moved us to the current day. The Sublime as the Terror of the Mob (Writing Around French and Haitian Revolutions) The Jacobins were the most influential personalities during the French revolution. After the fall of the monarchy, Robespierre became a central figure in the Jacobin club. His factions, brought up in 1792, took seats in the convention hall and were in support of revolutionary measures at home (Gardner 32). They later changed their name to Jacobins. With the support of the Parisian mob, Jacobins got more powerful. The Jacobins under Robespierre purged the convention, executing those who were disloyal to the Republic. After the death of Robespierre by execution, the Jacobin club could no longer be influential. The Jacobins club was autocratic, spreading terror in France through denunciations and espionage. Parisian underclass was the main supporter of the Jacobins and they were effective in providing support in the streets and at the national convention for Jacobins policies. The general reason as to why they were able to influence terror is due to the fact that they were able to plan their activities effectively. In Haiti, General Dessalines succeeded in liberating Haiti from its colonial masters. In 1803, he proclaimed the independence of the colony and gave it the name Haiti, derived from the original Indian inhabitants. General Toussaint, the founder of the revolution died before its success and he left a troubling legacy. The general made a military caste system and it inflicted terror on the black population of Haiti. The revolution did not succeed in overcoming divisions between the mixed race group and the mass of the population. Disharmony between these groups marked much of Haiti historical perspectives on terror and violence. The sublime as heroic awe for those who lead the mob, or suppress it (Historical painting and "great man" theory of history) Historical paintings are painting genres whose analysis is by a subject matter rather than the artistic use of style. For instance a painting by Jacques Louis David whose name is Oath of Horati depicts three Horati brothers who make a vow to fight Curatii brothers to death so as to avoid bloodshed in Rome. In the process, the brothers suppress the emotions of their sisters and one is a fiancee of a Curatii brother. Theory of History and the great ...Show more

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Name: Professor: Sublime Revolutions: The Modern Age and Its Discontents Introduction Sublime in aesthetics refers to the level of greatness, whether artistic, spiritual, aesthetics, moral, metaphysical, intellectual or physical (Morley 11)…
Author : mbeatty
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