Burke argues that beauty may be brought about by either extreme darkness (absence of light) or extreme light and these are sublime to a degree that both can destroy the sight of an object. Burke further focuses on the physiological effects of the sublime and lays emphasis on dual emotional quality of attraction and fear. Immanuel Kant argues that sublime is of three kinds: splendid, terrifying and noble. Kant further argues that there is a dynamic and mathematical sublime. In mathematical, aesthetic comprehension sublime is not an aspect of mere greatness but absolute greatness which has no limitations (Morley, 19). Dynamic sublime is viewed in terms of nature. Here nature has no dominion over us and it can create as aspect of fearfulness without creating fear. Kant argues that beauty is a concept that relates to understanding while sublime is a concept which relates to reasoning and it portrays the nature of the mind as that surpassing any standard of sense. Being based on the teachings of Burke and Kant, this paper will analyze various theoretical frameworks of the sublime as they have moved us to the current day. The Sublime as the Terror of the Mob (Writing Around French and Haitian Revolutions) The Jacobins were the most influential personalities during the French revolution. After the fall of the monarchy, Robespierre became a central figure in the Jacobin club. His factions, brought up in 1792, took seats in the convention hall and were in support of revolutionary measures at home (Gardner 32). They later changed their name to Jacobins. With the support of the Parisian mob, Jacobins got more powerful. The Jacobins under Robespierre purged the convention, executing those who were disloyal to the Republic. After the death of Robespierre by execution, the Jacobin club could no longer be influential. The Jacobins club was autocratic, spreading terror in France through denunciations and espionage. Parisian underclass was the main supporter of the Jacobins and they were effective in providing support in the streets and at the national convention for Jacobins policies. The general reason as to why they were able to influence terror is due to the fact that they were able to plan their activities effectively. In Haiti, General Dessalines succeeded in liberating Haiti from its colonial masters. In 1803, he proclaimed the independence of the colony and gave it the name Haiti, derived from the original Indian inhabitants. General Toussaint, the founder of the revolution died before its success and he left a troubling legacy. The general made a military caste system and it inflicted terror on the black population of Haiti. The revolution did not succeed in overcoming divisions between the mixed race group and the mass of the population. Disharmony between these groups marked much of Haiti historical perspectives on terror and violence. The sublime as heroic awe for those who lead the mob, or suppress it (Historical painting and "great man" theory of history) Historical paintings are painting genres whose analysis is by a subject matter rather than the artistic use of style. For instance a painting by Jacques Louis David whose name is Oath of Horati depicts three Horati brothers who make a vow to fight Curatii brothers to death so as to avoid bloodshed in Rome. In the process, the brothers suppress the emotions of their sisters and one is a fiancee of a Curatii brother. Theory of History and the great
Name: Professor: Sublime Revolutions: The Modern Age and Its Discontents Introduction Sublime in aesthetics refers to the level of greatness, whether artistic, spiritual, aesthetics, moral, metaphysical, intellectual or physical (Morley 11)…
The revolution had its toll in Tunisia before flowing to Egypt, Libya and in the Middle East, with countries such as Bahrain and Syria currently struggling with massive demonstrations ever. Considering the magnitude of the influence that the new technologies has resulted to in technological devices such as internet enabled phones, Smartphone and other gadgets, the revolution in Arab world might be attributed to the recent rapid technological development and the reliability and efficiency of media in relaying information as well as influencing the people in a move that has made people more enlightened not only on their rights, but of the day to day operations of governments.
No doubt, drinking has effects on both individual mortality rates and accidental death but this occurs regardless of the age at which the person is imbibed. Some states have shifted the drinking age to accommodate youth who are enlisted in the army and in war-zones arguing that if the youth is old enough to decide to fight, he is old enough to choose to drink.
The main objective of the study undertaken is to be able to present the view of Douglas Massey on the concepts of international migration including the post modern paradox and in relation the symbolic policies that are used. In addition,
this upsurge, international pressure, political interests, unfair regulations, economic breakdowns, dictatorial rule, religion, influence from other countries, and social media feature as the main causes and drivers of these revolutions. I believe revolution results from
nd Burke, in his work “A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful” (Morley 17), writes extensively on the issues of beauty and sublime, which, he argues, are mutually exclusive. Burke argues that beauty may be brought about by either
It has been observed that in some contexts swear words are used as a way of maintaining a link between workers in the work place and as a way of distinguishing a group of individuals from other members of society (McLeod, 2011). The main objective of
The growing importance of tourism in the global market has compelled countries worldwide to involve in promotion of their respective tourist destinations (Madasu, 2013). The promotion of tourism necessarily requires use of marketing mix strategies.
s out of his native country, he has emigrated, and he becomes an emigrant. If he moves in to a new country and settles there, he is said to have immigrated and becomes an immigrant. It was observed that over the last ten to twenty years majority of the immigrants arrived in