Contrasting the Hobbesian and Lockeian Social Contracts

Contrasting the Hobbesian and Lockeian Social Contracts Essay example
Undergraduate
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Download 0
John Locke’s “The Second Treatise of Government” and Thomas Hobbes’ “Leviathan” both present theories for the construction of social contracts that would enable the sanctioning of a sovereign force to protect the whole…

Introduction

John Locke’s “The Second Treatise of Government” and Thomas Hobbes’ “Leviathan” both present theories for the construction of social contracts that would enable the sanctioning of a sovereign force to protect the whole. Where Locke takes a more liberal perspective, inviting the ideal that people can function by accepting a ruling authority for the greater good, Hobbes takes a similar yet opposing stance that while a ruling authority is key in the success of protecting the human race, people cannot accept such influence without giving up certain inalienable rights including their own personal sovereignty. With that said, a closer look will be taken into the contract theories of both Hobbes and Locke to determine how their different assumptions yield two distinct forms of social contracts and illuminate which political thinker’s ideal holds more value today. To begin with, John Locke has long been thought to be one of the most archetypal theorists in all of American political thinking. His ideas are so fundamental in the political landscape that it has been understood that his beliefs backed the foundations of the American Revolution in 1776. In his essay entitled “The Second Treatise of Government: An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government,” Locke details his theories for a distinct form of social contract in which he states that people would be bound by a moral code to uphold a certain dignity when dealing with others. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Introduction to social research
The theoretical and background material comprises sections on ‘Concepts of attitudes and attitude formation’, ‘Attitudes towards people with autism’ and finally ‘Teachers’ attitude towards autism’. In general the literature review makes use of a well-balanced distribution of literary sources, and even for readers unfamiliar with the subject it provides mul.

You may…
Comparing And Contrasting The Different Types Of Love Found In Plato's Symposium And St. Augustine's Confessions
Regarding our main topic of focus, love is neither an abstract nor a concrete emotion or feeling. In our daily lives, we usually and constantly refer to the word love innumerable times simply because of our unfamiliarity with its meaning. In all those instances whereby we apply the term love, we mean different things though unawares. In most cases, however, we mean that the referee is something or…
Criticize Elizabeth Anderson's Claim that the Autonomy of Women will be Promoted by Banning Commercial Surrogacy Contracts
If the intended mother has the ability to produce eggs that are fertile but is unable to carry the pregnancy then gestational surrogacy can be used. In this process, the egg of the intended mother would be removed and combined with that of the husband or a sperm from another man and finally implanted in the replacement mother. Surrogacy arrangements can be either altruistic or commercial. In…
social contract theory
Hobbes explains the social contract as a mutual agreement among the members of society to observe some rules of conduct and give up some freedom for the well being of the society. This paper seeks to explain the relationship between the social contract and the duty to obey laws. Whether we have the moral obligation to obey laws or not has remained a question of contention in the field of…
Ethics of Social Media
Social network sites permits people to create social networks with thousands of people. Initially, the use of social media sites posed little danger to personal confidential information. However, as the world of social media became popular, social media sites like twitter and Facebook raised the availability of its products opening ways to new members and networks. The emergence of social media…
Social Justice and Social Order
The majority sociological explorations of mass culture, especially those undertaken within a Marxist or critical theory standpoint, tend to be restricted in their cultural and political postulations. This cultural elitism also rests upon a position of high culture, needing discipline and simplicity which can only be acquired by the professional rational through years of withdrawal from everyday…
Social Construction
On the other hand, contemporary post structuralist perspective even goes to the extent to deny the very possibility of such an agency or authorship as it was clearly asserted in the famous assertion by Rolland Barthes that 'The Author is Dead'. Rather than posing the arguments on the agency of the social construction of reality by contesting schools against each other, the paper intends to examine…