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The problem is that one pharmaceutical company would like to market a type of medication that interferes with a person’s neurochemicals in order to reduce the degree of romantic attachment. The rationale behind this is that this drug is supposed to help people who are dealing…
According to Fukuyama’s philosophy, there is no identifiable or definite Factor X which defines a human being. Fukuyama believes that Factor X is not the human tendency to make moral choices or to act with reason or to speak a language, or possess emotions or a consciousness, or everything else that we think defines our humanity. Instead, Fukuyama believes that Factor X is the sum total of all of these things. Nevertheless, this sum total is still largely undefined and cannot therefore be pointed out (“Our Posthuman Future”). This means that the term “Factor X” is nothing more than an arbitrary representation of the vague and actually unidentifiable humanity in each one of us.
Fukuyama then concludes that this Factor X, or whatever it is that makes a human being human, must be protected against biotechnology. If biotechnology were to interfere with human affairs, there is a huge possibility that it will modify Factor X and change human nature not for the better but for the worst. Moreover, Fukuyama calls on international legal organizations to define the limits of human experiments in biotechnology and to limit biotechnology itself (“Our Posthuman Future”).
Although some sectors of society would contend that it would be impossible to regulate biotechnology, for Fukuyama, it is possible, and there are reasons to it. First, anticipated imperfect results should not discourage us from trying certain methods of regulation. Second, biotechnology can be dealt with at the national level and does not exactly need any international agreement. Third, we should emphasize the ban on certain biotechnology ideas except those for therapeutic purposes only. Thus, cloning of humans must be strictly prohibited, as well as anything else that does not contribute to therapy (“Our Posthuman Future”). This is debatable, however, since some of those that have potential therapeutic value can actually alter Factor X.
For Fukuyama, the natural rights argument is ...
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