Nietzsche aims at freeing human beings from their false consciousness about the issue of morality. He wants to free people from the idea that morality is good for them and not for the society (Richardson 20). Nietzsche forms an argument that free from the moral prejudices that he believes clouds the metaphysical pursuit and inquiries of science. Nietzsche concept of slave and master morality Master and slave morality is a key theme of the works of Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche presented that there are two types of morality. These include master and slave morality. Master morality majorly deals with the good or bad consequences of actions. Master morality values strength, pride and nobility. Master morality gets described by Nietzsche as the morality of the strong- willed. Slave morality deals with the good or bad intentions that people have. For Nietzsche slave morality values things like sympathy, kindness and humility. Nietzsche argued that we must not presume that anything that is good is helpful, and all that is bad is harmful. He argued that this presumption got based on the grounds of habitualness. Value or non-value should not be derived from its consequences (Richardson 24). The strong-willed men in Nietzsche view look at something good as powerful and noble and what is bad as petty, weak, and cowardly. Nietzsche forwarded that morality deals with the individual. We must recognize that oneself is the measure of all things. Masters become creators of morality while the slaves simply respond to the masters with their slave morality. Slave morality originates in the weak while master morality originates in the strong. He argued that the strong people are few among the weak. The weak work hard to gain power by eroding the strong to believe in the causes of slavery which is evil. For example by stating that humility is good and voluntary, the slave morality lives in denial that humility got forced upon them by a master. Moral Skepticism Nietzsche was a moral skeptic. He questions the authenticity of the explanations of morality which get purported to be factual. He maintains a doubting attitude towards the values and character of others which get considered moral. Nietzsche calls attention to the fact that the history of moral theories does not have a rational explanation for the foundational proposition about morality. Nietzsche supports the notion that there are no moral facts or truths. Nietzsche questions what brings about morality (Richardson 56). We do not know whether it is the criterion of the action or the reason for its performance that gets considered right. We must also consider the consequences that these actions bring about. Nietzsche also locates disagreement among the most sophisticated and moral philosophies which makes him a moral skeptic. Nietzsche was an aristocratic radicalism. This was a condemnation of hyper-aesthetic writing and fantasy in literature. It was a belief that literature should be based upon extensive thoughts of liberty and the progress of humanity. Moral Nihilist Moral nihilism is the view that nothing is intrinsically immoral or moral. Moral nihilists consider morality as something that gets constructed through a set of rules and recommendations. Nietzsche is not a moral nihilist. He states nihilism as absolute valuelessness, or that nothing has a meaning. He explained that this was extremely dangerous because it is through
Name Instructor Course Date Nietzsche Moral philosophy Friedrich Nietzsche was a self-described immoralist who advocated for high and severe morality. In spite of his denunciations of traditional morality, he was no libertine or hedonist. Nietzsche’s moral philosophy is first and foremost critical in orientation…
"Even in applied ethics, awareness is often missing. The tone of much writing suggests that John Stuart Mill is still alive and that none of the twentieth centuries has happened. (‘Never such innocence again' has not been applied to ethics.) [Glover hopes] to help change this by encouraging an idea of ethics as a more empirical subject."
Philosophers range from the highly acclaimed and accepted to the most despised or misunderstood. Jesus Christ of Nazareth is among the former while Friedrich Nietzsche is among the latter, criticized for his atheistic beliefs and mostly misunderstood as a Nazi because of the publication of his works posthumously by his sister who was associated with Hitler (Mannion 104; Stokes 190).
Nobody before and after Nietzsche cannot foresee the danger of society that consists of ‘little, gray and resigned to their fate’ people as Nietzsche has done. Thus, the idea of elevation of human being and overcoming of all petty, commonplace and insignificant for life things is the central idea of Nietzsche’s philosophy.
In his first essay, Nietzsche has talked greatly about the variations between good and evil and says that good things are those that have a certain assertion over someone’s life and thus hold value. However, he also writes that one cannot clearly mark the distinction between the two facets of life because what may be good for one section of society might be evil for another, thus inserting the example of the aristocrat members of society that oppress the poorer sections for their own and personal ‘good’.
Therefore, truth is what is true in a man’s own perspective and what he/she finds to be right. Consequently, truth cannot have any unique and absolute form. Rather it varies from man to man; situation to situation; time to time; and even from context to context.
He wrote in the 19th century period (Philosophers online).
The characteristics of the philosophers society and culture are nationalism, capitalism, democracy, socialism, conservatism, liberalism, feminism, and bureaucracy (European Thought and Culture in the 19th Century, online).
His moral philosophy, therefore, has been critical in orientation. He has been a great philosopher who has left his mark in every kind of philosophy and his influence remains substantial within and beyond philosophy in the modern period. The effect of his thinking can be found in existentialism as well as postmodernism and his fundamental questioning of the value and impartiality of truth has undergone crucial commentary and interpretation through the twentieth century.
edy is first defined by the self – suffering man and the tendencies that characters have in regard to their actions and the responses that they take. Through this definition, there is a specific response that can be taken by the characters, all which leads to the end