According to John Locke in his Letter Concerning Tolerance, the state and the church are perfectly distinct and infinitely different entities (Locke 24). In his opinion, the magistrate has no role in matters of religion. The main functions of the state are to protect life, people’s liberty, and their properties. Every entity in the society is limited to its functions and protection of souls is not one of the states functions but rather the function of the church. Therefore, by creating laws to criminalize the use the hallucinogenic mushroom, the stipulations describing how the drug is not fit for consumption and what makes it criminal should apply to all individual citizens of the state in the bid to uphold democracy and protection of peoples lives and liberty. Allowing some religions to use the drug while restricting others is a true description of what Locke refers to as intolerance. It is a definite case of a state showing coercion of citizens to convert to certain religions. This is because conversion to the exempted religion would allow those people with the urge to use the drug a right to the drug. The American flag and patriotism Reciting the pledge of allegiance while facing the American flag as a show of patriotism is not wrong even in Locke’s point of view. This is because Locke is precise and categorical about the extend to which the state can make wrong moves in controlling religious practices and the main factor of consideration is the essence of everything that the state implements as a rule for every citizen. The only wrong move that the state could take in such a case is to connect the reciting of the pledge of allegiance while facing the American flag to matters of religion. In this case, the state has not made connections of religious beliefs to the aspect of reciting the pledge of allegiance while facing the American flag. In addition to this, the state makes itself clean in this case by ensuring that this aspect is practiced by all citizens of America regardless of their religious affiliations as a show of patriotism to the state. It is for the parents to these children to differentiate matters of religion from undertaking universal activities that are meant to show patriotism to the state. The state never intended to connect the action of reciting the pledge of allegiance while facing the American flag with matters of the soul. Nonetheless, subscribing as a citizen of a certain state or nation means that one has made the choice of being patriotic to the particular state. The Christian minister The case of the Christian minister presents a very controversial aspect in consideration of Locke’s views in the letter concerning tolerance. The controversy is presented in the fact that both the state and the Christian minister would agree and disagree with Locke’s ideas at some point. In Locke’s view, there should be religious tolerance among churches as a factor that would foster peace in the society. The minister was not wrong to criticize another religious sect in the congregation of his religious sect in order to persuade his people to choose his religion but he had no right to threaten to burn the Koran as it would be fostering a totalitarian ideology that Locke is against. He is correct in Locke’
Name Instructor Course Date The use of peyote (a hallucinogenic mushroom) The case of the use of hallucinogenic mushroom in America can be evaluated in the view of Locke’s ideas in the Letter Concerning Tolerance. If the state passes laws to criminalize the use of a given drug, the idea should apply all citizens and should be with precise reasons why the use of such a drug is not permitted the state…
He argued that the monarchs of his time were not the heirs of the biblical Adam; and even if they were they would enjoy unlimited authority. He concluded that absolute, hereditary monarchy is an unjust and groundless system and must, therefore, be abandoned.
His basic argument is that government should not forcefully compel people to follow religion; he further states that religious units are free associations that have no authority to compel its followers or those outside their congregation. One frequent line that Locke utilizes is predominantly religious.
He clearly establishes the fact that use of power or force cannot convince an individual that what they are being imposed to do is correct. What an individual perceives as being right depends on his or her own belief. It is the basis of logic and reason, which establishes the belief, and even if one is following a certain religion by force, they do not fully accept it until they are convinced that it is right.
Likewise, with regards to the writings and beliefs that grew from the Enlightenment, these were also inexorably linked to the idea that reason and rationalism have given birth to the ability of mankind to set up a better form of government and self regulation of activity.
The “Second Treatise of Government” is so much valued as a political document that it served as an extremely influential and important document in framing political philosophies and doctrines. Moreover, during the following years of its publication, the treaty also provided the matrix upon which important political testimonies such as Declaration of Independence and Constitution of United States were formulated.
Does the second claim follow? The first claim of this theory may be criticised and put into question though it appears to be in between amongst some of the fears concerning the Catholicism as a belief taking over England political organization. Locke, therefore, responds to this more likely to be experienced societal over-whole by advising through a letter.
He explained that when all men lived without a strong power, they was in the state of war, and "such a war as is of every man against every man" (Hobbes, Chapter XIII). Hobbes therefore supposed that a general inclination of all mankind, a perpetual and restless desire of power after power.
He concluded that absolute, hereditary monarchy is an unjust and groundless system and must, therefore, be abandoned. In the second treatise Locke presented his ideas of the nature, function, authority and origin of